Area D - 3 American Institutions
1. Historical Development of American Institutions and ideals
Any course or examination which addresses the historical
development of American Institutions and ideals must include all of
the subject matter elements identified in the following subparagraphs.
Nothing contained herein is intended to prescribe the total content
or structure of any course.
a) Significant events covering a
minimum time span of approximately one hundred years occurring in the
entire area now included in the U.S.A., including the relationships
of regions within that area and with external regions and powers as
appropriate to the understanding of those events within the U.S.A.
during the period under study.
b) The role of major ethnic and
social groups in such events and the contexts in which the events have
c) The events presented within a
framework which illustrates the continuity of the American experience
and its derivation from other cultures including consideration of three
or more the of the following: politics, economics, social movements,
2. Focus on Government/Constitution
Any course or examination which addresses the Constitution
of the United States, the operation of representative democratic government
under that Constitution, and the process of California state and local
government must address all of the subject matter elements identified
in the following subparagraphs. Nothing contained herein is intended
to prescribe the total content or structure of any course.
a) The political philosophies of
the framers of the Constitution and the nature and operation of United
States political institutions and processes under that Constitution
as amended and interpreted.
b) The rights and obligations of
citizens in the political system established under the Constitution.
c) The Constitution of the State
of California within the framework of evolution of Federal/State relations
and the nature and the processes of State and local government under
d) Contemporary relationships of
State and local government with the Federal government the resolution
of conflicts and the establishment of cooperative processes under the
constitutions of both the State and nation, and the political processes
3. Develops an understanding of and appreciation for the diversity
of the human community.
4. Presents the contributions and perspectives of women; persons from
various ethnic, socio-economic, and religious groups; gays and lesbians;
and persons with disabilities. [At least two of these groups should
be included in the course.]
1. Demonstrates an understanding of historical development of American
institutions and ideals including, specifically, the following:
- The role of major ethnic and social groups
- The continuity of the American experience
- The derivation of American experience from other cultures: their
politics, economics, social movements, and geography.
- The political philosophies of the framers of the Constitution.
- The nature of political institutions and processes developed under
- Rights and obligations of the U.S. citizens in their political
- The Constitution of the State of California within the context
of the evolution of Federal/State relations.
- The relationships that exist between the Federal government and
state and local government
3. Demonstrates an understanding of the nature and processes
of California state and local government.
4. Demonstrates an understanding of the diversity that exists in human
5. Demonstrates an understanding of the contributions
to human society of at least two of the following groups: women, ethnic
religious, socio-economic, gays and lesbians, and persons with disabilities.