Information on this website is based on a harm-reduction model. Sac State does not endorse or approve of underage drinking. Students have choices when it comes to alcohol consumption. It is our intention to provide you with the information you need to make healthier choices. If you choose to drink, this website is designed to offer you the knowledge and skills needed to do so with less risk and harm. (If you choose not to drink, this website will give you the knowledge you may need to help others.)
Sac State Statistics
- Most Sac State students (77%) never drink and drive
- Most Sac State students (75%) have 0-3 drinks per week
- Most Sac State students (79%) drink once a week or less
source: 2006 Sacramento State Core Survey
Source: www.collegedrinkingprevention.gov, 2007
If you are under 21 years of age, the safest choice is choosing not to drink. It is the only legal alternative if you're under 21. Here are some of the consequences you may face if you are caught engaging in underage drinking, or furnishing alcohol to a minor.
|A person who sells, gives, or furnishes an alcoholic beverage to a minor.||Can receive: A $1000 fine and/or 24 hours of community service.|
|A minor who purchases or consumes an alcoholic beverage.||Can receive: a minimum $250 fine and/or 24 to 32 hours of community service.|
|A minor who attempts to purchase an alcoholic beverage.||Can receive: A maximum $100 fine. Second offense, maximum $250 fine.|
|A minor who possesses an alcoholic beverage in a public place or a place open to the public.||Can receive: A maximum $1000 fine and/or 6 months in jail.|
|A minor who possesses false identification ("false" means altered, counterfeited or belonging to someone else).||Can receive: A minimum $250 fine and/or 24 to 32 hours of community service.|
|A person who sells alcoholic beverages without a license (ex. having a keg party and charging admission at the door).||Can receive: A maximum $1000 fine and/or 6 months in county jail.|
|A person between the ages of 13 and 21 who is convicted of certain alcohol or drug related crimes, including (but not limited to) an attempt to purchase alcoholic beverages, possession of false identification, driving under the influence or riding a bicycle under the influence.||Can receive: A one-year suspension of the person's driving privilege or a one-year delay in receiving a driver's license if the person does not drive yet.|
BAC is given as a percentage which indicates how much alcohol is in the blood stream. For example, a person with a BAC of .08% has 8 parts alcohol to 10,000 parts blood. There are many factors that can affect a persons BAC (also known as BAL or Blood Alcohol Level), including:
- How much alcohol has been consumed
- How fast the alcohol was consumed
- How much food is in the stomach
- Hormones (menstrual cycle and hormonal contraception influence BAC in women)
In California a BAC of .08% is considered impaired. If you are under 21, a BAC of anything but 0.00 is illegal when driving.
What is the difference between blacking out and passing out? Are they the same thing? No.
Source: Sacramento State 2006 Core Alcohol and Drug Survey
Tolerance is the degree to which a person has adapted to a given BAC. A person with a high tolerance for alcohol requires more of it in order to feel its intoxicating effects. A high tolerance can be hazardous because a person's BAC is the same regardless of their tolerance. High tolerance can indicate a potential alcohol problem.
There are many myths about how to sober up more quickly or how to avoid a hangover (ie: taking a shower, drinking coffee, exercising, etc.) but do any of them really work?
Alcohol leaves the body through metabolism by the liver at a rate of 0.15% per hour (approximately one standard drink per hour). This means that a person would need to drink less than one drink per hour in order to avoid accumulation of a BAC.
At what point does drinking become a negative instead of a positive experience? The answer is the point of diminishing returns! This is the point at which one more drink will not make you feel better, but will result in more impairment and increase the risk of an alcohol-related incident. The point of diminishing returns begins at a BAC of approximately .05%.
If you drink, drink smart. Here are some guidelines: