LUBKIN CREEK (INY-30) SITE



LATE PREHISTORIC (1500 - 150 BP) :

Late Prehistoric use of Lubkin Creek was more intensive than before. It includes the remains of at least
seven house floors and abundant refuse of daily life. Food remains from Late Prehistoric houses indicate that people hunted many of the same animals as before, but more small mammals and birds. Charred seeds show that people were eating more plant food, including pine nuts and acorns from the mountains. This suggests that Late Prehistoric families spent much of the year close to Lubkin Creek.

Obsidian and other raw materials are mostly local. This indicates that people lived in now smaller territories. Shell beads from southern California are more abundant, however. This suggests that Eastern Sierra people had trade and other interactions with their neighbors, and that everyone was probably traveling less.












MIDDLE PREHISTORIC (3500 - 1500 BP) :

Lubkin Creek site in southern Owens Valley was excavated in 1985 and again in 1986 and 1987. This was done to save information before highway construction could damage the site. Lubkin Creek was used by Native Americans from Early Prehistoric to nearly Historic period times. The most important use of the site was during the last part of the Middle Prehistoric and very end of the Late Prehistoric periods. Middle Prehistoric remains at the site included three house floors and a rich collection of artifacts and food remains.

Food remains from the houses indicate that Middle Prehistoric people hunted jackrabbits and antelope in the surrounding valley, mountain sheep and deer in the Sierra Nevada, and waterfowl at Owens Lake. Charred and preserved seeds indicate that most of the plant foods came from surrounding desert and wetland habitats. This shows that Middle Prehistoric people probably camped at Lubkin Creek from the late summer to the following spring. At other times, people traveled south to the northern edge of the Mojave Desert near Little Lake and north as far as the Mammoth Lakes area.



 


WEB SITE DESIGNED BY // BRIAN JAMES // 2011
INFORMATION COMPILED BY// MARK BASGALL : MICHAEL DELACORTE : BRIDGET WALL // 2011