Samantha M. Hens, Ph.D.

  • Contact Information

  • Title: Professor, Biological Anthropology
  • Office Location: MND 4026
  • Office Hours: Fall 2012 semester Mon & Wed: 1:30 - 3:00, or by appt.
  • E-mail: shens@csus.edu
  • Office Phone: (916) 278-6991
  • Mailing Address: Anthropology Department, Sacramento State, 6000 J Street, Sacramento, CA 95819-6106

I am a biological (physical) anthropologist, with a broad background in teaching and research. My primary area of expertise is skeletal biology, both human and non-human primate. I have worked on a multitude of research projects including: age and sex determination from the human skeleton, regression models for stature estimation in paleoanthropological contexts, paleopathology and morphometrics. The bulk of my work has emphasized three-dimensional modeling of growth and development in orangutan and gorilla crania.  Recently, I am studying fluctuating asymmetry in the human cranium using three-dimensional morphometrics in Imperial Roman individuals from central and southern Italy and working on using transition analysis and the Bayesian approach to age estimation.

My teaching follows my research interests and I regularly offer courses in Human Osteology, Human Skeletal Analysis, Bioarchaeology, and Paleoanthropology. Additionally, I routinely teach Introduction to Physical Anthropology and Introduction to Forensic Anthropology in an effort to bring biological anthropology to a broader array of university students. In 2006, I was awarded the Outstanding Teacher Award in the College of Social Sciences and Interdisciplinary Studies. In 2010, I was nominated and accepted for membership in the local Omicron Chapter of Phi Beta Delta, the Honor's Society for International Scholars, for which I am now serving as Vice-President. In 2011, I was also inducted into the Honor's Society, Phi Kappa Phi.

Courses that I teach

  • ANTH 001: Introduction to Physical Anthropology
  • ANTH 017: Introduction to Forensic Anthropology
  • ANTH 150: Human Osteology
  • ANTH 151: Human Paleontology
  • ANTH 158: Human Skeletal Analysis
  • ANTH 200: Seminar in Anthropological Method
  • ANTH 202: Seminar in Physical Anthropology
  • ANTH 222: Seminar in Bioarchaeology

Education

1998. Ph.D.
University of Tennessee Knoxville
Dissertation title: Stature Estimation in Fossil Hominids.

1994. MA.
University of Tennessee Knoxville
Thesis title: The Use of Ordinal Categorical Statistics in Skeletal Assessment of Sex.
Statistics Minor.

1990. BA.
State University of New York at Buffalo.
Departmental Honors.

Additional Training

1998-2000. Post-Doctoral Fellow
Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, The Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine

1992. Paleopathology Course
National Museum of Health and Medicine, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology

Publications

2012.  Godde K, Hens SM. Age-at-death estimation in an Italian historical sample: a test of the Suchey-Brooks and transition analysis methods. Am J Phys Anthropol In press. Online early view: 13 AUG 2012.

2012.  Hens SM, Belcastro MG.  Auricular surface aging: A blind test of the revised method on historic Italians from Sardinia.  Forensic Science International. 214:209.e1 – 209.e5.

2008. Hens SM, Godde K. Skeletal biology past and present: are we moving in the right direction? Am J Phys Anthropol. 137:234-239.

2008. Hens SM, Rastelli E, Belcastro MG. Age estimation from the human os coxa: a test on a documented Italian collection. Journal of Forensic Sciences 53(5):1040-1043.

2007. Hens SM. Review of “The osteology of infants and children”. Am J Phys Anthropol 133:1169-1170.

2007. Wang Q, Dechow PC, Hens SM. Ontogeny and diachronic changes in sexual dimorphism in the craniofacial skeleton of rhesus macaques from Cayo Santiago, Puerto Rico. Journal of Human Evolution. 53:350-361.

2005. Hens SM. The ontogeny of craniofacial sexual dimorphism in the orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) I: Face and palate. Am J Primatol 65:149-166.

2004. Hens SM. Patterns of sexual dimorphism in the gorilla and orangutan craniofacial complex. Rivista di Antropologia (Journal of Anthropological Sciences) 82:19-28.

2003. Hens SM. Growth and sexual dimorphism in orang-utan crania: a three dimensional approach. Am J Phys Anthropol 121:19-29.

2002. Hens SM. A geometric approach to cranial sexual dimorphism in the orang-utan. Folia Primatologica 73:165-174.

2000. Hens SM, Konigsberg LW and Jungers WL. Estimating stature in fossil hominids: which regression model and reference sample to use? J Hum Evol 38: 767-784.

1998. Hens SM, Konigsberg LW and Jungers WL. Estimation of African ape body length from femur length. J Hum Evol 34:401-411.

1998. Donnelly SM, Hens SM, Rogers NL and Schneider KL. A blind test of mandibular ramus flexure as a morphologic indicator of sexual dimorphism in the human skeleton. Am J Phys Anthropol 107:363-366.

1998. Konigsberg LW and Hens SM. Use of ordinal categorical variables in skeletal assessment of sex from the cranium. Am J Phys Anthropol 107:97-112.

1998. Konigsberg LW, Hens SM, Jantz LM and Jungers WL. Stature estimation and calibration: Bayesian and maximum likelihood perspectives in physical anthropology. Yrbk Phys Anthropol. 41:65-92.

Publications (books)

2007.Hens SM. Method and practice in biological anthropology: a workbook and laboratory manual for introductory courses. New Jersey: Pearson/Prentice-Hall.

2004.Hens SM. (editor). Supplemental Readings for Physical Anthropology. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishers.

Conference Papers

2012. Hens SM, Godde K.   Age-at-death estimation in bioarchaeology: does a uniform prior perform better than an informative prior in transition analysis?  Paper presented at the American Association of Physical Anthropologists annual conference, Portland, OR, April 2012.  Abstract: Am J Phys Anthropol Suppl 54: 164.

2012. Godde K, Hens SM. Age-at-death estimation in an historic Italian sample: a test of the auricular surface and transition analysis methods.  Paper presented at the American Association of Physical Anthropologists annual conference, Portland, OR, April 2012.  Abstract: Am J Phys Anthropol Suppl 54: 151-152.

2011.  Hens SM. Maxillary suture aging: A revision of the visual method for estimating skeletal age of adults. Paper presented at the American Association of Physical Anthropologists annual conference, Minneapolis, MN, April 2011.  Abstract: Am J Phys Anthropol Suppl 52:161.

2011. Godde K, Hens SM, Belcastro MG. Age at death estimation in an Italian archaeological sample: A test of the Suchey-Brooks and transition analysis methods.  Paper presented at the American Association of Physical Anthropologists annual conference, Minneapolis, MN, April 2011.  Abstract: Am J Phys Anthropol Suppl 52:144.

2010. Hens SM, Belcastro MG. Auricular surface aging: A test of the revised method on a documented Italian collection. Paper presented at the Forensic Anthropology Society of Europe annual conference, Copenhagen, Denmark, October 2010.

2010. Hens SM, DeLeon V. Fluctuating asymmetry and developmental stress in three Imperial Roman Cemeteries. Paper presented at the American Association of Physical Anthropologists annual conference, Albuquerque, NM, April 2010. Abstract: Am J Phys Anthropol Suppl 50:126.

2008. Hens SM, Rastelli E, Belcastro MG. Age estimation from the human os coxa: a test on a documented Italian collection. Paper presented to American Association of Physical Anthropologists annual conference, Columbus, Ohio, April 2008. Abstract: Am J Phys Anthropol Suppl 46:116.

2006. Hens SM Identifying sexually dimorphic patterns in orangutan and gorilla crania. Abstract accepted for presentation at American Association of Physical Anthropologists annual conference in Anchorage, AK, March 2006. Abstract: Am J Phys Anthropol Suppl 42:103.

2005. Hens SM and Godde K. Skeletal biology past and present: are we moving in the right direction? Paper presented at the American Association of Physical Anthropologists annual conference in Milwaukee, WI, 2005. Abstract: Am J Phys Anthropol 40:114.

2004. Hens SM. Patterns of sexual dimorphism in the gorilla and orangutan craniofacial complex. Invited paper presented at the International Society of Primatologists conference, symposium title: “Geometric Morphometrics and Computed Primatology”, Torino, Italy, August 2004.

2004. Hens SM. Patterns of sexual dimorphism in the gorilla and orangutan craniofacial complex. Paper presented at the CSUS Anthropology Department’s 50th Anniversary Colloquium, October 2004.

2003. Hens SM. Sexual dimorphism in the face and palate of the orang-utan. Paper presented at the American Association of Physical Anthropologists annual conference in Tempe, Arizona, 2003. Abstract Am J Phys Anthropol Suppl 36:113.

2002. Hens SM. Craniofacial form comparison between Bornean and Sumatran orang-utans. Paper presented at the American Association of Physical Anthropologists annual conference in Buffalo, NY, 2002. Abstract Am J Phys Anthropol Suppl 34:84.

2000. Hens SM. Growth and sexual dimorphism in orang-utan crania: a three-dimensional approach. Paper presented at theAmerican Association of Physical Anthropologists convention, San Antonio, Texas, Abstract Am J Phys Anthropol Suppl 30:177-178.

1998. Hens SM. Multivariate estimations of body length in humans, African apes and fossil hominids. Paper presented at the American Association of Physical Anthropologists convention, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1998. Abstract: Am J Phy. Anthropol Suppl 26:93.

1997. Hens SM, Konigsberg LW, and Jungers WL. Estimation of African ape body length from long bone length. Paper presented at the American Association of Physical Anthropologists convention, St. Louis, MO. Abstract: Am J Phys Anthropol Suppl 24:127-128.

1996. Hens SM, Rogers NL, and Waters RM. An analysis of dental wear in the Averbuch site. Paper presented at the American Association of Physical Anthropologists convention, Durham, NC. Abstract: Am J Phys Anthropol Suppl 22:123.

1995. Hens SM. The use of ordinal categorical variables in skeletal assessment of sex. Poster presented at the American Association of Physical Anthropologists convention, Oakland, CA. Abstract: Am J Phys Anthropol Suppl 20:109-110.

Graduate Students

New students: Kristin Macak, Meagan O'Deegan, Mandy Blume, Jaclyn Matz-Elliott, Marisol Perez

Pete Morris
In progress. Thesis title: Bone weathering in the Mediterranean climate of the northern California foothills: A taphonomy study.

Patricia MacEwen
In progress. Thesis title: Population movements in prehistoric Central California: Evidence of the Meganos intrusion?

Morgan LaFleur
2012. Thesis title: Fluctuating Dental Asymmetry at the Imperial Roman Necropolis of Velia.

Natascha Storms
2009. Thesis title: Fluctuating asymmetry in the Protohistoric Arikara.

Carren Christensen
2008. Thesis title: A three-dimensional investigation of sex and age-related change in the adult human cranium.

Autumn Cahoon
2005. Thesis title: Subadult sex estimation from the auricular surface of the ilium.

Kanya Godde
2004. Thesis title: A measure of biological distance in Nubians: A look at intrapopulation variability.

Shannon Vellone
2004. Thesis title: Stature estimation from the calcaneus as tested using the William M. Bass donated collection.

Elizabeth Valdovinos
2002. Thesis title: Effect of introduced items on the aggression and competition levels of captive chimpanzees.