**
II.
Developing and Defining Research Questions and Hypotheses**

**
A. ****Where
do research ideas come from?**

**
**1.
Interest

2.
Previous research

**
a)
a gap in knowledge **

**
**

**b) **
**explaining
****contradictory results**

**
c)
explaining a finding or "fact"
**

**
**

**
B. The Role of Theory
**

1)
What theories are...and are not

2)
Theories and models

#

**
C. **** A good hypothesis:
**

1)
is testable

2)
is precise/simply stated

3) is
consistent with previous research

4)
is 'a priori' (vs. post-hoc)

5)
should (or can) be stated in a particular form (IF...THEN)

**
D****. Inductive vs. deductive
logic:
**

1) **inductive
logic** = "I wonder what would happen if…"

2)
**deductive logic** =
"I expect this would happen if…."

__
For
Discussion:
__

Consider
how you might study a behavior of interest using the scientific method.
For example, how would you determine the effects of extra sleep on
exam performance?