Child Development 138 (04) - Hembree
Social and Emotional Development
California State University, Sacramento
Fall, 2010 


Aggression and Conflict

I.   Introduction

A. Define Aggression



B. Aggression versus conflict



II.  Theories of Aggression

Group discussion - A comparison of theories complete chart in class



III. Research on Aggression

A. Stability of Aggression


B. Developmental trends in aggression/conflict

1) Retaliation in response to attack increases after age three


2) Causes of aggression change with age



3)  Form of aggression changes 

  • Instrumental aggression



  • Hostile aggression



4) Reasons for general decline

a) decreased tolerance



b)   Dominance hierarchies



c)    improved social-cognitive and social problem-solving skills



d)    improved conflict negotiation

  • constructive versus destructive conflict




  • implications for development  



5) Changes in Adolescence 



C. Gender differences

1. reasons for differences?



2. Relational aggression




D. Aggression and peer relationships

1. Bullying




2. Peer rejection





IV. Influences on Aggression

A. Biological Influences






B. Family/Cultural Influences

1. Parenting practices




2.  Family climate - Patterson






3. Sibling interaction - Berndt




C. Cultural Influences on Aggression (Discussion)







V. Controlling Aggression









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Send problems, comments or suggestions to: Updated: August 25, 2010