Child Development 138 (04) - Hembree
Social and Emotional Development
California State University, Sacramento
Spring, 2009 

picture of circle of friends


Emotional Development

I. Introduction

  • What role do emotions play in our lives?

A. First  Feelings (video) LAB

B. Emotional and social competence





C. Theoretical approaches to the study of emotions


1. Discrete emotion theory





2. Functionalist approach





II. Development of emotional expression

A. Emergence of Positive and Negative emotions





B. How do emotions develop?

An example: Campos et al. and study of the development of fear



C. Social and Cognitive Influences

1)   Social (self-conscious) emotions




2)  Emotion display rules





3) social referencing





III. Development of emotion-related skills

A. Emotion understanding




B. Emotion regulation


 1. Socialization influences




2. strategies for regulating emotions




III.  Temperament

A. Dimensions of temperament





B.   Thomas & Chess

1)  easy child (40%)


2)  difficult child (10%)


3)  slow-to-warm-up child (15%)                        



C. Measurement of temperament




D. Temperament and Development


1. stability 



2. heritability




3. Temperament and adjustment




D. Environmental influences

1. parents/family


  • goodness of fit





  • Belsky & Isabella




2. Kochanska - parenting, temperament and conscience development







3. Cultural differences







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Send problems, comments or suggestions to: Updated: January 15, 2009