OBSERVATION # 1
A) DUE: March 16th
Note: You will need to read the Nguyen & Frye (1999) article (Reading #1) and pp.168-171 of your text before conducting this observation. It is also strongly suggested that you read over and practice the tasks before attempting to conduct them.
You will need to find a desk or table or room away from other children and distractions, and spend some time developing some rapport with the child before beginning the interview. Use Appendix A to record your observations.
Please address the following questions (word process, please). You may discuss your observations and interviews with your partner (or anyone else), but the reflection itself should be written independently.
1) Using your text and lecture notes, define Theory of Mind and briefly discuss what previous research suggests about age differences in children’s ability to do Theory of Mind tasks. Discuss also why younger children tend to fail false belief tasks. Briefly summarize the Nguyen & Frye study (reading #1) - what did they do (method) and find (results)?
2) What did we hypothesize in our study with respect to age and task differences?
3) Describe the individual children you interviewed and the class sample as a whole. Briefly summarize the procedures employed in this study.
4) What did you find in your individual interviews? Were your observations consistent with what we expected to observe? Attach (and refer to) your appendix.
5) What were the results of the class sample? What statistical test(s) were employed and what were the results of the test(s)? Be sure to attach the table we compiled during the lab session, and describe what the table shows.
6) Explain the results. Are they consistent with what we hypothesized? Why or why not?
7) Evaluate the procedure as a measure of children's ToM. Do you think the tasks/procedure could be improved upon? How so?
8) Of what significance is ToM in children's social development? What might future researchers do to investigate this topic?
Send problems, comments or suggestions to: firstname.lastname@example.org. Updated: January 15, 2009