Child Development 145 (01; 66-69) - Hembree
Controversial Issues in Child Development
Spring, 2012 


Child Care

I. Historical Perspective on Child Care Issues

A. Historical changes in the care of children



B. Changes in Research Focus

1. Maternal employment (Is maternal employment harmful to children?)



2. Day care effects (Is nonparental care harmful?)

  • Peer skills, interaction



  • Attachment (Belsky, 1988)




  • Limitations of this research


3. Quality of care (Under what conditions is day care harmful?) 

DISCUSSION: What does child care quality look like?



4. Other factors (How does the day care environment interact with the home environment and child characteristics to affect children's  development?)

  • Child characteristics  


  • Family factors      




C. NICHD Study of Early Child Care
1. Model for studying care
2. Recruitment, data collection



3.  Improvement over previous research




4. Some recent findings:

  • Type of Care and quality of Care



  • Attachment security




  • Problem behavior/Aggression


II. Class Discussion


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Send problems, comments or suggestions to:

California State University, Sacramento
College of Education
Department of Child Development

Updated: January, 2012

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