Child Development 145 (01; 66-69) - Hembree
Controversial Issues in Child Development
Spring, 2012 



I. Bilingual Education

A.    The Issue




B.     History

  • ·Concern over an official language for the United States can be traced to Benjamin Franklin and John Adams…


  • 1800s - Bilingual education laws



  • ·20th century enactment of English-only instruction laws designed to "Americanize"  groups. Bilingual schooling was largely dismantled with English-only instruction as norm




  • The Bilingual Education Act of 1968



  • Concern around the practice of limiting English instruction until children learned subjects in their first language – limits set on bilingual education (immersion)




  • Dual-immersion programs




C.  The Debate








D.    What role can educational and social science play in informing this debate?

  • Duran et al.




E. Discussion





II.  Special Education and Inclusion

A.    History

  • Parent advocacy groups  




  • 1961 -  President John F. Kennedy created the President’s Panel on Mental Retardation



  •  1965 -  Elementary and Secondary Education Act




  • 1975 - Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EHA)




  •  Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA), reauthorized in 2004
    1990, 2008 Americans with Disabilities Act



B.  Legal rights of children with disabilities








C. The issue

 How they can the educational system best serve all students? Several issues...






    D.   What role can social science research play in dealing with these issues?






  • Lindsay (2007)





     E.  Discussion

1. How and when should students with disabilities be included in regular classrooms?

·         Video

·         Discussion




2. What can (or must) be done about over-placement of minority students in special education?

·         Blanchett et al.







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Send problems, comments or suggestions to:

California State University, Sacramento
College of Education
Department of Child Development

Updated: January, 2012

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