Child Development 145 (01; 66-69) - Hembree
Controversial Issues in Child Development
Spring, 2012 


Child Poverty

I. The Problem of Poverty

A.  Poverty and Social class (SES)





B. Census Data Statistics and the measurement of poverty

1. US definitions and standards







2. Relative vs. Absolute poverty






C. Trends

  • increase in poverty rate




  • unequal distribution in poverty





  • increase in income disparity





  • education/marriage less protective




C. Poverty effects on children

1. associated with behavioral, social, academic outcomes





2. effects on parenting






3. Factors associated with increased/decreased risk







II. Causes of Poverty

A.  Models for cause






B. Importance of Social Context







III. Programs to Combat Poverty and Poverty effects


A. Federal programs







B. Program Effectiveness






IV. Discussion



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Send problems, comments or suggestions to:

California State University, Sacramento
College of Education
Department of Child Development

Updated: January, 2012

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