CHDV/FACS 154 (03)
Issues in Parenting - Fall, 2012
Hembree 

 

Parenting Infants and Toddlers

 

I. Infant/toddler development and parenting

A. Physical Development

1) Newborns  

 

 

 

 

2) Brain Development

  • Synaptogenesis

 

 

  • synaptic pruning

 

 

  • Increased myelination

 

 

3) Motor skills

 

 

 

  • Locomotion

 

 

 

4) Parenting issues related to physical development

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B.  Intellectual development

 

 

 

 

  • Parenting issues related to intellectual development

 

 

 

 

C.  Emotional Development

1) Emotional expression/regulation

 

 

 

2) Temperament

     

 a) Thomas and Chess - easy, difficult, slow-to-warm-up

 

 

 

b) important dimensions of temperament

 

  • surgency (high activity, high intensity pleasure),

 

  • effortful control (focus, sustained attention),

 

  • negative emotionality

 

  • differential susceptibility

 

3) Parenting issues related to emotional development

 

 

 

 

D. Social Development

1) Attachment

  • Secure Attachment (Bowlby)

 

 

  • Promoting secure attachment (Caregiving quality)

 

 

 

 

  • multiple attachments

 

 

2) Self control

 

  • Voluntary control/compliance in the second year of life.

 

 

 

3) Parenting issues related to social development

 

 

 

 

II. Special Concerns for Parents of Infants and Toddlers

A. Crying and Sleeping

 

 

 

 

 

 

B. Promoting Self-regulation

 

 

 

 

 

C. Safety

 

 

 

 

 

 

D. Establishing rules and routines (“structuring”)

 

 

 

 

III. Challenges for Parents of Young Children

A.   Depression/mental illness

 

 

 

 

 

B. Substance abuse

 

 

 

 

 

C. Prematurity/Health 

 

 

 

 

 

D. Day Care

 

 

 

 

 

 

Send problems, comments or suggestions to: hembrees@csus.edu

California State University, Sacramento

College of Education

Department of Child Development

Updated: January 20, 2012

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