CHDV/FACS 154 (03)
Issues in Parenting - Fall, 2012


Work and Child Care

I. Dimensions of Participation in Work and Family Life

A. Domains

  • Employment and financial support



  • Day-to-day care and interaction with child



  • Child  management and socialization



  • Household work



  • Maintaining relationships between caregivers



  • Parental commitment and investment



B. Work/Family Spillover

1. Positive and Negative Spillover




2. Spillover from Home to Work




3. Spillover from Work to Home





II. Divergent Perceptions of Work and Family

A. Divergences in Menís and Womenís Perceptions






B. Divergences in Parentsí and Childrenís Perceptions






III. Strategies for negotiating work and family obligations

A. Types of Families

1. High-status, low-stress, and main-secondary





2. Equal sharers, 60-40 couples, 75-25 couples, and alternating shifters





B.  Work-family strategies

1. Setting boundaries for work requirements

  • Placing limits, job-versus-career, and trading off



2. Coping Strategies

  • Reduce stress





  •  Reevaluate the way one thinks about their children




  • Talk about work





  •     Family participation in Housework





C. Meeting Children's needs in the context of work

1. Eight basic needs





2. Monitoring




3. Intentional parenting






IV. Child Care

A. Types of care




B.    Availability, Affordability, and Quality of Day Care







C. Impact of Nonparental Care on Children

  1. Previous research on child care






  1. Factors to consider

  • difficulty in comparisons



  • quality of care




  • family factors






  • child factors








   D.   NICHD Study of Early Child Care

1. Design, Recruitment, data collection  




2. Improvement over previous research






3. Some recent findings











Send problems, comments or suggestions to:

California State University, Sacramento

College of Education

Department of Child Development

Updated: January 20, 2012

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