PHIL 26 – History of Philosophy                                                                 GRADES


Spring 2014



Professor Gale Justin, Department of Philosophy

Office: Mendocino Hall #3024

Office Hours: Mon.Wed. 1: 30 – 2:30 PM and by appointment

Email: (Use only this address for email contact with me.)



Class Meetings

Mon.Wed. 10:30 AM – 11:45 AM.  Class attendance is not required but if a student wants to attend the actual class, then after the first day of class, attend the class in ARC 1011.  If you choose not to attend the actual class, you must watch each class lecture via SacCt 9.1 or watch the lecture at the time of its broadcast on cable television.  For Cable Channels and broadcast times click on , select lowermost link to elearning, then select 2014, then Philosophy, then class and section.

For the first day of class ONLY, if a student wants to actually attend this first day of class, then students in section 1 (Distance section) should go to Yosemite Hall 127.  Students in section 3 (Studio Section) should go to ARC 1011. For any subsequent classes which a student wishes to attend, the student should go to ARC 1011.   Ordinary courtesy behavior must be displayed in the studio classroom.  Impermissible behavior in class includes, but is not limited to, eating or drinking in the studio classroom, cell phone use, texting, pager use, non-classroom related computer activity, habitual tardiness, leaving early, or leaving and returning during the class, doing outside homework or outside reading in class, any form of discourtesy to other students or to the teacher.  Any type of impermissible behavior will result in the offender(s) being asked to leave the studio classroom, giving you only the videos on SacCT 9.1 as your source of the lecture material.


Catalogue Description

            An introduction to the history of philosophy, emphasizing such themes as the foundations of knowledge, the nature of reality, the basis of a good life and a just society, the existence of god, and the nature of the self, and tracing the development of these themes from antiquity to the modern period.       


Course Content

            This course acquaints students with several connected themes characteristic of Western philosophy, the idea of soul, the existence of a divine being, the nature of moral good and evil, and the trustworthiness of human knowledge. We shall trace the continuities and distinctive features of these themes as they appear in philosophical works of the period from ancient Greece through the modern era.  Students will be encouraged not only to master the philosophical material and the methods of philosophical argument but also to pay attention to the historical and cultural context within which these themes develop.  


Course Goals

            This course emphasizes the reading and doing of philosophy, through helping students to:

(1)   understand how the themes of soul, the existence of a divine being, the nature of moral good and evil, and the trustworthiness of human are interpreted and interconnected in the works of prominent Western philosophers.

(2)   distinguish and state clearly the main ideas that comprise each philosopher’s position.

(3)   understand the ways in which the above mentioned themes are transformed in light of the historical context.

(4)   understand main methods of philosophical argumentation

(5)   maintain and defend with reasons the student’s own evaluation of a philosopher’s position.

Required Texts (from Bookstore)

            Phil. 26 Reader  (Reader is cited as Reader in the Reading Schedule.)

            Philosophy 26 Course Pack: Early Greek History: 2000 BC -300BC 


Links Essay Exam 1;  Essay Exam 2;  Essay Exam 3; Guidelines for Writing Philosophy Papers


Reading Schedule (Note: The actual pace of the class may not be in complete accord with the reading schedule. But all of the listed readings will be covered and it is the student’s responsibility to read the readings at the same pace as they are discussed in class.)


1.27     Introduction: What is Philosophy?

1.29     Early Greek History

            Read: Early Greek History: 2000 BC – 300BC in Phil. 26 course pack   

2.3       Socratic/Platonic conception of soul

            Plato, Apology, Reader, 1 - 13.          

Due: Historical Knowledge Test (click here)

2.5       Plato, Apology, Reader. 1-13.  

2.10     Plato, Phaedo, Reader, 14 - 22 up to 71e.

2.12     Plato, Phaedo, Reader, from p. 23 at 96a – p. 29 at 107a.

2.17     Plato, Phaedo, Reader, from p. 23 at 96a – p. 29 107a.

2.19     Aristotle and the idea of moral good

Nicomachean Ethics, Bk. 1, sec. 1-5, Reader, 30 - 32, and Bk. I, sec. 7, 33 - 35.

2.24     Nicomachean Ethics, Bk. 2, sec. 1, Reader, 36 – 37, and Bk. II, sec. 6, Reader, 38 -40.

2.26     NO CLASS: First Essay Due

3.3       Differences between Greek Philosophy and Christianity

            Christianity and Homosexuality

3.5       Anselm, Proslogion, Reader, 41, Gaunilo’s Reply, Reader, 42, and Anselm’s Reply, Reader, 43.  

3.10     Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae, Third Article, Reader, 44 - 45.

3.12     Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae, Third Article, Reader, 44 - 45.         

3.17    Context of Early Modern Philosophy

3.19     Descartes, Meditation I, Reader, 46 -48.


3.31     Cesar Chavez Day – Campus Closed

4.2       Descartes, Meditation I, Reader 46 - 48.                    

4.7       Descartes, Meditation II, Reader, 48 - 52.     

4.14     Descartes, Meditation VI, Reader, 5258. 

4.16     Due: Essay Exam 2 –NO CLASS

4.21     Hume, An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding, Bk. I, Reader, 66 – 69 up to “We now proceed to explain the nature of personal identity.

4.23     Hume, A Treatise of Human Nature, Bk. I, Reader, p. 69 from “We now proceed to explain the nature of personal identity,” to p. 71,

4.28     Kant’s “Refutation of Idealism,” p. 72 -73.                               

4.30     Kant’s Moral Philosophy

Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Section I, Reader. 74 - 77

           Classics, 981 - 991.                                  

5.5       Kant, Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Section I, Reader, 78 – 80 up to “because duty is the condition of a will good in itself, whose worth is above all else.”


5.7       Kant, Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Section I, 81 from “To behold virtue in her proper form is nothing other than to present morality stripped of all admixture of what is   sensuous” to end of p. 83.

5.12     Catch up and review           

 5.14    Due: Essay Exam 3

Important Due Dates (Note:  No late work is accepted.  All assignments are due by 12 in the afternoon of the date specified below.)


2.3  Historical Knowledge Test (click here). To be done on an 882E-scantron.  Test is based on the document Early Greek History; 2000 BC – 300 BC which is in the 26 course pack.  Put your name on the scantron and place the completed scantron in the locked drop box outside my office, Mendocino 3024.

2.26  First Essay Exam due by 12 p.m. in the afternoon.

4.14   Second Essay Exam due by 12 p.m. in the afternoon

      5.14   Third Essay Exam due by 12 p.m. in the afternoon. 


Course Requirements

            3 Essay Exams (the average of which equals) 85%

            Historical Knowledge Test                             15%


1.                          Each essay exam consists of two parts: an essay (roughly 3-4 pages) and three short answer questions.  Both parts of each exam are to be completed at home and then handed in.  Absolutely no email submissions.  No exceptions. 

2.                          The two parts of the essay exam should be stapled together. Write your name on the first page of both parts.  No cover sheets, please.  Either place both parts of your exam in the drop box outside of my office (Mendocino 3024), slide both parts under the door of my office or hand both parts to the Philosophy Department secretary in Mendocino 3000.   NO late exams will be accepted. NO email submissions.  NO EXCEPTIONS in either case.

3.                          All written work must be typed or word-processed.

4.                          Each of the three essays MUST follow the format that is specified on the document that states the essay question for the exam.  Otherwise, you lose 15 points at the outset.  Please note the essay question is NOT a prompt.  It is a single question with multiple parts that you must answer, basing your answer primarily on the lectures in conjunction with the readings.  The questions are not to be answered primarily through your own reflection on the question and your own interpretation of the readings. Also, your essay must display a solid grasp of standard English.  

5.                          With respect to class participation, it is expected that this course will be offered as a Distance Education course.  So students are not required to attend class sessions. For this reason no portion of the grade is assigned to class participation. But if you choose to attend the class, courteous and punctual behavior is expected. (See on Class Meetings above for further information regarding courteous behavior.)

6.                          The marking scale upon which letter grades are assigned is as follows:

A  93-100 (14)                 C         70-74 (8)        

                  A-  89-92 (13)                   C-        65-69 (7)

                              B+ 85-88 (12)                   D+       60-64 (6)

                              B   80-84 (11)                   D         55-59 (5)

                              B-  78-79 (10)                   D-        50-54 (4)

               C+ 75-77 (9)                     F          below 50% (3)


Students with Disabilities or Other Special Needs

           If you have a disability and require accommodations, you need to provide disability documentation to SSWD, Lassen Hall 1008, and (916) 278-6955. Please discuss your accommodation needs with me early in the semester.

Academic Honesty

           You must not copy another person’s work, use unacknowledged sources.  Even if you form a study group to share ideas, the work that you turn in must be your own work, that is, written in your own words, not in phrasing agreed upon by and common to members of your study group. All incidents of cheating in any form will earn you a 0 on the assignment or an F in the course.  See the policy on academic honesty:

Area C1 Requirements

This course meets the GE area C1 requirements (1) by surveying 1,500 years of the history of ancient Greece, (2) by contrasting the traditional version of ancient Greek history, according to which only Europeans settled Greece, with the Revised Ancient view, according to which a mix of African-Semitic-European peoples settled Greece, and (3) by examining the differences between ancient philosophy and Christianity, including the contrasting attitudes of these cultures towards homosexuality. (