The final exam includes everything we have read this semester and all of
the lectures/ discussions. That means:
Clawson and Oxley chapters 1-5, 7-10, and 12
Fowler chapters 1-4, 6, 7, and 10
The exit poll piece on pollster.com
The Lascher et al piece from the Journal of
- Models of representation
(officeholders’ translation of constituency opinion to policy)
- Sharing model, re-election
model, role orientation, delegates vs. trustees
- Match between constituency
opinion and legislative behavior (research)
- How public officials follow
public polls, private polls and hired pollsters, mail-back questionnaires, mood
or mandate from elections, demographics of district, direct communication from
constituents, letters to the editor, opinion leaders within the district.
- Incumbency advantage – levels
of it, differs by house, reasons for it, good or bad for democracy?
partisanship in district, franking, name recognition, quality challengers,
money, known vs. unknown candidate
- Voter attention to
policy-making – levels of knowledge about policy – role in representation
- “Fire alarm” model of
- Polling concepts such as:
sampling frame, non-response bias, self-selection bias, selection bias,
quota sampling, population, sample, probability sampling, non-probability
sampling, Simple random sampling (SRS), Systematic random samples,
stratified samples, cluster sampling, Random Digit Dialing, sampling
error, closed-ended vs. open-ended questions, filter questions, etc.
- How to deal with non-attitudes
(and what they are)
- Issues and effects relative to
question wording, response alternatives, order of alternatives
- Types of polls (Benchmark,
tracking, pseudo, research, presidential approval, exit)
polling – how, why, what
responsible poll reporting by media outlets
Interviewing concerns – standardization,
interviewer effects, etc.
- Democratic representation –
does public opinion translate to policy?
- Public Trust in government –
what are the levels? What do they mean?
- How much political knowledge
does the electorate have and how is it distributed? What are the implications of
- California public attitudes
towards reform and elections.
- Political socialization –
- Lakoff’s models
- Public mood, party
identification, voting behavior patterns.
- Framing, priming, cue-giving
and other media effects on public opinion
lecture notes carefully and make sure that you have notes from any days you may
The exam is
open note only. Good luck.