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Center for Mathematics and Science Education Website
Sacramento State 

CAGiSM- Closing the Achievement Gap in Science and Mathematics

This partnership between the CSUS Mathematics Project, the Sacramento Area Science Project, and the Sacramento City Unified School District is dedicated to improving science and mathematics teaching and learning in order to close the achievement gap in performances between student groups. In the first year of our 3-year endeavor, we supported teachers in investigating causes of the achievement gap in their schools and classrooms though Teacher Action Research Projects. In the 2nd year, we are supporting teacher lesson study.

Resources for Action Research | Observation Protocols- Resources and Samples | Leadership Team

Resources for Action Research

1. General websites with research on teaching and learning issues, especially those facing urban educators:
Northwest Regional Education Lab:
George Lucas Educational Foundation:
Annenberg Institute for School Reform:

2. Culturally Relevant Teaching
This website is at the University of North Carolina. It has some interesting reviews and summaries of articles as well as some things to try. It does not provide scholarly articles or research articles; but the essays it does provide have references, which could be pursued.
The Southern Poverty Law Center has a long history of alliance with the Civil Rights Movement. This website has a range of materials from scholarly articles to classroom kits, some of which can be ordered for free! This URL goes directly to the page on "culturally relevant pedagogy" but other parts of this website should be explored.
NCTM actually has a focus on culturally relevant pedagogy and curriculum at the elementary and secondary levels:
For easy access to some scholarly work on this issue and science education, close to home, try searching the articles archives on this site "at" UC Davis:
For some interesting applications of culturally relevant teaching in mathematics, try this page:
For research on science teaching and multicultural students and issues, go here:

3. Motivation
This site from Carleton College integrates questions about motivation with science and math teaching and learning issues and has many extension resources:
This site has a number of useful but basic resources:
This site has a thorough overview and then a rich set of additional resources available by exploring the buttons on the left hand side of the website:

4. Relevance
ConnectEd is a group that has supported the development of multiple pathways schools, a school/curriculum reform model aimed at connecting "academic" content to content as it is used in the work sector. Several SCUSD high schools are following this model:
Project Citizen provides a framework for reorienting the curriculum to engage students in addressing issues of importance to them and their communities through their classes in school:
For a website with a thoughtful but non-content specific initiative:

5. Relationships & Classroom Community
This site has links to a number of other useful sites as well as original content of it's own:
The Developmental Studies Center has resources to read and several programs aimed at developing classroom communities that support students' prosocial development:
For information about the larger category of school climate - two resources:

Observation Protocols- Resources and Samples

There are a number of potentially promising observation protocols on this website:
Go to Table 2, Page 11 of this report for potentially promising list of observable teacher behaviors:
This website has an interesting process for observing a target student:
Access Gabriel Thompson’s “Implications for school policy,” an interesting study on school climate that has robust surveys at:
     *Note: the report does not include the survey instrument – rather it includes the survey results. However, one can deduce from the survey results what the survey instrument looked like as he reproduces the exact survey questions – and must have used a 5 point Likert scale response structure.

Survey Questions for Action Research Study (.doc)

Math Afterschool Survey by Erica Litke (.doc)

Other Ideas for Student Observations (.doc)

Questioning Techniques Observation (.doc)

Glenn County Office of Education- California Standards for the Teaching Profession Self Evaluation Tool (.doc)

Leadership Team

Lisa Allen, Co-Principal Investigator
Sacramento City Unified School District
Scott Farrand, Professor of Mathematics
CSUS Mathematics Project
Judi Kusnick, Professor of Geology
Sacramento Area Science Project
Debbie Stetson, Mathematics Co-Coordinator
Project Director, CSUS Mathematics Project
Pia Wong, Principal Investigator
Professor of Bilingual/Multicultural Education
Person To Be Announced, Science Co-Coordinator
Sacramento City Unified School District