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Exercise


There are only seven coordinating conjunctions in the English language, and they are easily remembered by the acronym FANBOYS:

FANBOYS are the cordinating conjunctions

FANBOYS

Coordinating conjunctions signify the relationship between two independent clauses (IC), allowing the writer to specify meaning. In other words, when we construct a compound sentence using a coordinating conjunction, we ask our readers to understand that the two ideas logically relate to each other in the way in which we specify:

 

 Logic

 Coordinating Conjunctions

 Addition

 and

 Opposition, Contrast, Concession

 but, yet

 Cause

 for

 Result or Effect

 so

 Choice, Option, Alternative

 or, nor

FANBOYS

 

 

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In addition to signifying a specific relationship between ideas, the compound structure also tells the reader that the ideas in these clauses are valued equally: one idea is no more important than the other. I may choose to indicate contrast between ideas by using the coordinating conjunction "but," wanting my reader to see the difference(s) between my ideas, yet I am also indicating to my reader that each independent clause should be equally valued.

 FANBOYS

 

coordinating
conjunctions

,cc
 are
FANBOYS


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The pattern for compound sentences using coordinating conjunctions is really quite simple:

IC ,cc IC.

FANBOYS

 

grn_tri_up.gif (860 bytes) up to table Examples:

grn_dimnd.gif (95 bytes) L. Frank Baum wrote The Wizard of Oz for his daughter, but the book was much more than a child's story.

grn_dimnd.gif (95 bytes) Baum's book is a political allegory, yet few people today would recognize the original events in this story.

grn_dimnd.gif (95 bytes) The Wizard of Oz is a story of economic reform, for Oz is short for ounce and referred to the gold standard, and the characters represented groups in American society.

grn_dimnd.gif (95 bytes) Baum's original readers did not fail to recognize William McKinley as the bumbling wizard, nor did they fail to recognize William Jennings Bryan as the cowardly lion.

FANBOYS

 

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Note that in each example the coordinating conjunction, the FANBOYS, is preceded by a comma, just as the pattern specifies; the comma and coordinating conjunction work as a team, and the sentences would be grammatically incorrect unless both team members were present:

grn_dimnd.gif (95 bytes) Leaving out the comma and using just the FANBOYS results in a run-on sentence.

grn_dimnd.gif (95 bytes) Using just a comma without the FANBOYS results in a comma splice--and fails to specify the intended relationship.

 

FANBOYS

 

 

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Exercise

Now, write five to seven compound sentences of your own, using the pattern and five different FANBOYS.  Check each Independent Clause (IC) to make sure you have included a subject and a verb. 

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FANBOYS
Last updated
09/10/98
Semicolons | Run-Ons | Comma Splice