- KNOW YOUR CATALOG RIGHTS
- GENERAL EDUCATION POLICIES
- SACRAMENTO STATE FOREIGN LANGUAGE REQUIREMENT
- GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS IN WRITING
- WRITING PLACEMENT FOR JUNIORS SCHEDULE
- EPT/EDT TEST SCORES
- ENTRY LEVEL MATHEMATICS REQUIREMENT (ELM)
- ELM TEST SCORES
- SCHEDULED TEST DATES FOR EPT/ELM
- GENERAL EDUCATION/GRADUATION WORKSHEET
- 1992/93 TO PRESENT GE PATTERN
- COLLEGE COMPOSITION II
- EVENING/WEEKEND DEGREE PROGRAMS
Since University requirements change periodically, it is important that you know which set of GE and major requirements apply to you, and what catalog options are available to you.
Freshmen. Students who enter Sacramento State as freshmen use the catalog requirements in effect when they begin at Sacramento State. For example, if you graduated from high school last Spring and began at Sacramento State in the Fall Semester 2010, your catalog rights begin in Fall 2010 and you are required to fulfill the GE and major requirements outlined in the University catalog in effect in Fall 2010. As long as you maintain continuous enrollment (defined below), you will not be responsible for any requirements added after that time. Students also have the option of choosing to meet the catalog requirements in effect when they graduate from Sacramento State.
Transfer Students. Students who transfer to Sacramento State may use (1) the catalog requirements in effect when they enter Sacramento State, (2) the catalog requirements in effect when they graduate from Sacramento State, or (3) the requirements which were in effect when their continuous enrollment (defined below) began. For example, if you began at Sierra College in Fall 1997 and have been continuously enrolled since then, you have catalog rights to Fall 1997.
Continuous Enrollment begins when you have graduated from high school and enroll in either a California State University (such as Sacramento State) or a California Community College (such as American River College). You maintain continuous enrollment as long as you register one semester in each calendar year. Unlike the “school year,” the calendar year runs from January through December. For example, if you were registered Spring 2009, did not register Fall 2009 and Spring 2010, and registered again in Fall 2010, you have maintained continuous enrollment because you enrolled one semester in 2009 and one in 2010.
SOME ADDITIONAL NOTES CONCERNING CONTINUOUS ENROLLMENT
- Your continuous enrollment cannot begin until you have graduated from high school. (This does not prevent college courses you took in high school from applying to Sacramento State requirements.)
- You may maintain continuous enrollment by attending colleges which are not part of the California State University (CSU) system or the California Community College (CCC) system as long as (1) you first attend a CSU or CCC and (2) do not attend a non-CSU or non-CCC for more than two years in a row.
- Each semester you register will apply to continuous enrollment, regardless of whether you complete the semester or pass your courses.
- It is possible to split catalogs, i.e., use different catalogs to satisfy GE, major, and other graduation requirements (such as Foreign Language Proficiency).
Advising is available to students with questions about General Education in the Academic Advising and Career Center, LSN Hall 1013, on a drop-in basis. The Center's service hours are posted at http://www.csus.edu/acad.
Students must petition to request exceptions or substitutions to the General Education or graduation requirements. Forms are available from the Academic Advising and Career Center, LSN Hall 1013, and the Degree Evaluations Office, and online at http://www.csus.edu/registrar/pdf/ge_petition.pdf.
A. A maximum of nine units of coursework from your major department may also be applied to the General Education requirements.
For Social Science majors, substitute “History” for “major department.”
B. There is no restriction on overlap between courses taken for a minor and General Education.
Note: The overlap policy is slightly different for students whose catalog rights begin prior to Fall 1992. For more information, contact the Academic Advising and Career Center, LSN Hall 1013, (916) 278-6351 or visit our Web site at http://www.csus.edu/acad/faq.
Courses listed in General Education are subject to change, as new courses are approved and others are deleted. Only courses appearing in the “GE Pattern List” in the current online catalog are approved for General Education credit.
Courses taken at Sacramento State on the CR/NC grading option may not be used to satisfy General Education or major requirements.
A. All students who began continuous enrollment in the Fall of 1992 or later are required to meet the foreign language graduation requirement.
B. All students who began continuous enrollment in Fall of 1992 or later must complete a second semester of English composition.
C. All students who began continuous enrollment in the Fall of 1990 or later must complete a course in Race and Ethnicity in American Society, identified in the GE Pattern List by a (+).
D. Students who began continuous enrollment in the Fall of 1988 or later must have at least a 2.0 GPA in General Education courses and grades of at least “C-” in the courses taken to satisfy Categories A1, A2, A3, and B4.
For a definition of continuous enrollment see column on left.
A. Liberal Studies majors: Most General Education requirements are included in the major. Consult a Liberal Studies advisor for specific requirements, LSN Hall 2008, (916) 278-6342.
B. Child Development majors: For majors following the Academic Program with Pre-Credential Preparation, most GE requirements are included in the major. Consult a Child Development advisor for specific requirements, LSN 2008.
C. Engineering and Computer Science majors: Consult the Academic Advising and Career Center, LSN Hall 1013, or your major department.
All students whose catalog is Fall 1992 or later are required to meet a foreign language requirement for the baccalaureate degree. The policy requires proficiency to be demonstrated at a level comparable to the second semester of college level language, including American Sign Language (ASL).
I. BEFORE SAC STATE ENROLLMENT
The foreign language graduation requirement may be met by any one of the following:
A. completion of the third year of a foreign language in high school (grade of “C-” or better);
B. graduation from a secondary school where the language of instruction was not English;
C. advanced Placement Foreign Language Examination scores of 3, 4 or 5;
D. completion of two semesters of a foreign language at a community college or university with a grade of “C-” or better.
Students will be required to submit official high school or college transcripts or other admissions documents to verify the completion of this requirement.
II. AFTER SAC STATE ENROLLMENT
If the language requirement has not been completed through one of the above options, students must meet the Sacramento State foreign language graduation requirement by completing one of the following options.
A. Passing intermediate-level tests in two of four skills: reading, writing, listening, and speaking. One of the tests passed must be in reading or writing.
Proficiency tests for Spanish are:
|Fall||Spring||Time of Exam|
|Spanish||October 22, 2010||March 11, 2011||6:00 - 8:00p.m.|
Other languages may be tested individually.
Students must sign up in the Department of Foreign Languages, MRP 2051, by Friday, October 8, 2010, for the Fall semester tests and February 25, 2011 for the Spring semester tests.
There will be a $5 charge for each test. Call the Department of Foreign Languages (916) 278-6333 for further information.
B. Passing an advanced-level proficiency test in reading. Contact the Department of Foreign Languages, MRP 2051, for more information.
C. Completing the second semester or equivalent (1B) of a college-level language (or ASL) course with a grade of “C-” or better.
Note: Students with language disabilities due to a specific learning disability, or who are deaf, hearing or speech impaired, or who have sustained brain injury may, on the recommendation of the Director of Services to Students with Disabilities, satisfy the requirement in one of several alternative ways.
All students must take the EPT or document their exemptions before registering in their first semester of classes. This test determines whether you should enroll in ENGL 1A (College Composition), ENGL 1 (Basic Writing Skills), or ENGL 15 (College Language Skills). If English is not your first language and you could benefit from instruction for multilingual writers, the EPT, taken at Sacramento State will place you in equivalent multilingual courses: ENGL 2 (College Composition for Multilingual Students), ENGL 87 (Basic Writing Skills for Multilingual Students), or ENGL 86 (College Language Skills for Multilingual Students). You must take the EPT before you can enroll in any classes in the University, and you must enroll in your required preparatory classes (ENGL 15, ENGL 1 or ENGL 86, ENGL 87) in your first semester and complete your preparatory class sequence by the end of your first year at Sacramento State.
To register for the test, go to http://www.csus.edu/testing by the deadline date. Students who need accommodations because of disabilities should get a clearance from the Office of Services to Students with Disabilities, LSN Hall 1008, (916) 278-6955 and submit it with the test registration materials at least a week before the deadline.
Any of the following exempts you from the EPT:
- completion (grade of “C-” or better) of ENGL 1A or its equivalent at another college;
- CSU Early Assessment Program (EAP) exemption;
- a score of 470 or above on the Verbal Section of the (SAT) College Board Scholastic Aptitude Test (before April 1995);
- a score of 550 or above on the Verbal/Critical Reading Section of the SAT (April 1995 or later);
- a score of 22 or above on the (ACT) American College Testing English Usage Test (before October 1989);
- a score of 24 or above on the (ACTE) Enhanced American College Testing English Usage Test (October 1989 or later);
- a score of 3 or above on the Advanced Placement Language and Composition or Composition and Literature Examination of the College Board Advanced Placement Program;
- a score of 600 or above on the College Board Achievement Test in English with essay (before January 1994);
- a score of 600 or above on the College Board SAT II Writing Test (between January 1994 and March 1995);
- a score of 660 or above on the College Board SAT II Writing Test taken between April 1, 1995 and April 1998;
- a score of 680 or above on the re-centered and adjusted College Board SAT II: Writing Test taken May 1998 or after.
The EPT may be taken at any CSU campus; placement tests taken at other colleges or universities do not apply.
If you qualify for an exemption under any of the provisions above, go to the Student Services Counter, LSN Hall, first floor to arrange documentation.
Undergraduate international students and permanent residents must take the EDT (1) if they did not take the English Placement Test (EPT) at Sacramento State or (2) if they fulfilled the freshman composition requirement (ENGL 1A) at another campus. If you are an upper division student, failure to take the EDT by the end of your first semester on campus will prevent registration in any classes during your second semester. An EDT score is a requirement for registration in any multilingual course: LS 85, ENGL 86, ENGL 87, or ENGL 2. For more information, contact the Learning Skills Center at (916) 278-6725.
All students must complete ENGL 1A (College Composition) with a grade of “C-” or better. This requirement may also be met by completing a course equivalent to ENGL 1A at another college or university. Multilingual students may meet the requirement by completing ENGL 2 with a grade of “C-” or better. You must take the English Placement Test (EPT) and you may be required to take one or more preparatory course before enrolling in ENGL 1A or ENGL 2. You should take English 1A/2 immediately after completing your required preparatory courses (ENGL 15/English 1 or ENGL 86/ENGL 87) and no later than the point at which you complete 30 units. For further information, contact the Writing Programs Office, CLV Hall 111, (916) 278-6409.
Students with catalog rights beginning Fall 1992 and later are required to complete ENGL 20/ENGL 20M (Multilingual), or equivalent, with a grade of “C-” or better after successfully completing ENGL 1A.
All CSU students subject to the degree requirements of the 1979-80 and subsequent catalogs must satisfy the Graduation Writing Assessmemt Requirement (GWAR) before graduation. Prior to Fall semester 2009, this was done by passing the Writing Proficiency Exam (WPE) or ENGL 109M/109W. Beginning in Fall semester 2009, the process for completing the GWAR changed.
Beginning Fall semester 2009, undergraduate students now fulfill the GWAR through the two-step placement process outlined below. Students should begin the GWAR placement process once they attain junior standing but before they complete 74 units. Students who do not meet this policy requirement will have registration holds placed on them when they complete 74 units.
Students will choose to take EITHER the Writing Placement for Juniors (WPJ) timed essay exam OR the ENGL 109M or 109W class (whichever course is most appropriate) to receive their GWAR placement numbers.
Writing Placement for Juniors (WPJ)
The standard WPJ exam is a two-hour essay exam (including time for instructions). During the exam, you will be given an hour and 45 minutes to brainstorm (15 minutes) and write two short essays. The first essay (60 minutes) we will give you four or five sources (e.g., newspaper articles, short essays, tables/charts, political cartoons, etc.) to read and think about. You are asked to write a short essay in which you make an argument about a topic arising from those sources. The second essay (30 minutes) will ask you to respond to a specific prompt about either your experiences with writing or your writing process. You may not leave the testing area. Essays become the property of the University and will not be returned.
Registration: Registration for each WPJ exam is available online at http://www.csus.edu/testing during a specific two-week period. Late registration for the WPJ will not be accepted.
Students with Disabilities: Request testing accommodations through the Services to Students with Disabilities Office, LSN Hall 1008, (916) 278-6955 at least one week before the sign-up deadline, then register online at http://www.csus.edu/testing.
Multilingual Students: Multilingual students who have an English Diagnostic Test (EDT) score of 2-5 are eligible to receive extra time to take the WPJ exam. These students should register online at http://www.csus.edu/testing. For assistance, contact the Writing Programs Office, CLV Hall 111, (916) 278-6409.
Transfer Students: If you satisfied the GWAR at another CSU campus, go to the Writing Programs Office located in CLV Hall 111, (916) 278-6409 to see how you can transfer that completed requirement from your previous campus to Sacramento State.
On the Day of the Exam: On the day of the exam you must bring the following:
- check or money order for $25 made out to Sacramento State - NO CASH;
- (2) two pieces of picture identification;
You may bring a printed dictionary (electronic is NOT acceptable). An exam booklet will be provided.
Make-up Exam: A make-up exam date is available after each WPJ exam for students who aren't able to attend the day of exam. These make-up exams are generally held the Wednesday following each exam. To qualify for a make-up exam, students must present one of the following to the Testing Center located in Lassen Hall, room 2302 by 12pm on the Tuesday following the exam. After online registration for the exam ends, make-up requests will only be accepted for students who are already registered for the exam.
- a written statement on letterhead from your clergy claiming religious reasons for not attending the Saturday exam;
- proof of another exam on the day of the WPJ;
- a class schedule showing a Saturday course;
- a letter from a coach showing an athletic event scheduled the day of the WPJ;
- a copy of a police report or doctor's note proving an emergency or illness on the day of the exam.
If you are unable to attend the regular exam for some reason other than those listed above, you may submit a written WPJ make-up request to the Writing Programs Office, CLV Hall 111 by Tuesday following the exam. After online registration for exam ends, make-up requests will only be accepted for students who were already registered for the exam. Check with the Writing Programs Office for more information regarding makeup exams.
|Writing Placement for Juniors Schedule Fall 2010 - Spring 2011|
|WPJ Exam Given||Sign Up Dates||Make Up Date|
|Saturday, July 31, 2010||Monday, July 12-Friday, July 23, 2010||Wednesday, August 4, 2010 (Sign Up Deadline: August 3, NOON)|
|Saturday, October 16, 2010||Monday, September 27-Friday, October 8, 2010||Wednesday, October 20, 2010 (Sign Up Deadline: October 19, NOON)|
|Saturday, January 8, 2011||Monday, November 29-Friday, December 10, 2010||Wednesday, January 12, 2011 (Sign Up Deadline: January 11, NOON)|
|Saturday, March 12, 2011||Monday, February 21-Friday, March 4, 2011||Wednesday, March 16, 2011 (Sign Up Deadline: March 15, NOON)|
|Saturday, May 21, 2011||Monday, May 2, 2011-Friday, May 13, 2011||Wednesday, May 25, 2011 (Sign Up Deadline: May 24, NOON)|
ENGL 109M/109W is a writing class designed to review academic reading and writing skills, help you improve upon those skills, and prepare you to be successful in upper-division writing courses. Through the semester you will write and revise several documents about the research and writing methods in your major discipline; you will use these to create a GWAR Portfolio. Your instructor, in consultation with other ENGL 109M/109W instructors, will grade your GWAR Portfolio at the end of the semester using a standarized grading rubic. While two classes are equivalent, ENGL 109M is meant specifically for multilingual students (students whose first/primary language is not English) and should only be chosen by those students. Students who are not multilingual (students whose first/primary language is English) should choose ENGL 109W).
Prerequisites for ENGL 109M/109W: junior standing (60+ units) and successful completion of ENGL 20 (or the equivalent). Students who have an EDT score of 2 or 3 must also complete ENGL 86 before registering for ENGL 109M.
Once students have completed either the WPJ or ENGL 109M/109W, they will be given a GWAR placement number. The GWAR placement number will indicate which course(s) each student will need to complete to fulfill the GWAR requirement. The placement numbers and instructions are as follows:
- 90 - GWAR requirement fulfilled at another CSU campus. No further classes required.
- 80 - Pass a Writing Intensive course with a 'C-' or higher. (3 units)
- 70 - Pass a Writing Intensive course and ENGL 109X concurrently. (4 units)
- 71 - Pass a Writing Intensive course and ENGL 109X concurrently. (4 units)
- 60 - Pass ENGL 109W, then pass a Writing Intensive course with a 'C-" or higher. (6 units)
- 50 - Pass ENGL 109M, then pass a Writing Intensive course with a 'C-" or higher. (6 units)
- 40 - Pass ENGL 86, then pass ENGL 109M, then pass a Writing Intensive course with a 'C-' or higher. (10 units)
Second Bachelor's Students
Beginning Fall semester 2009, Second Bachelor's students need to follow the two-step GWAR placement process outlined for undergraduate students above with one exception: Second Bachelor's students do not need to pass a Writing Intensive class to fulfill their GWAR requirements. The placement numbers and instructions for Second Bachelor's students are as follows:
- 90 - GWAR requirement fulfilled at another CSU campus. No further classes required.
- 80, 71, 70 - GWAR requirement completed. No further classes required.
- 60 - Pass ENGL 109W
- 50 - Pass ENGL 109M
- 40 - Pass ENGL 86, then pass ENGL 109M
Graduate students completing their GWAR requirement Fall semester 2009 through August 2010 follow the same process outlined for Second Bachelor's students above.
Beginning August 2010, writing proficiency at the graduate level will be demonstrated by successful completion of the culminating experience. Students shall have their preparedness for graduate level writing assessed by the end of their first semester of graduate study. Students' preparedness may be demonstrated by meeting one of the standards specified on the WPG Equivalency form. Students who do not meet any of these standards must take either the Writing Placement for Graduates (WPG), a timed essay exam, or a Graduate Writing Intensive (GWI) course in their program during the first semester of graduate study at California State University, Sacramento. Students whose performance on the WPG indicates that they need additional preparation will be placed into either a GWI course or ENGL 220W (offered through CCE). The university requires students to begin taking this coursework immediately. The WPG exam and/or GWI coursework (completed with a grade of B or better) must be finished prior to advancement to candidacy. For more information, contact the Graduate Admissions Office located in the River Front Center, Room 206 (916) 278-6470.
One course designated as Writing Intensive is required for graduation. Writing Intensive courses are identified in the General Education pattern section by an *. Students may have the option of meeting this requirement with a course offered in the major; check with your major department.
Prerequisites for enrollment in a Writing Intensive course: a passing score on the Writing Proficiency Exam (WPE); or a score of 80 on the Writing Placement for Juniors (WPJ) exam; or a score of 70 or 71 on the WPJ and co-enrollment in ENGL 109X; or successful completion of ENGL 109M/109W; or proof of GWAR completion at another CSU campus (indicated by a WPJ score of 90).
Successful completion of a Writing Intensive course fulfills the GWAR for undergraduate students.
According to CSU Executive Order 665, students who do not pass the EPT and/or ELM are required to enroll in the appropriate preparatory courses in their first semester of enrollment. All preparatory courses must be completed within the student’s first year of enrollment; otherwise, the student will not be allowed to continue at the University, resulting in Administrative Disqualification.
If students are administratively disqualified, they will be required to complete General Education English and/or mathematics requirements at a community college with a “C-“ or higher grade before returning to the University. The EPT scores and the appropriate course placement is shown below.
If you are an entering freshman who scores in one of the ranges below GE level on the EPT, you must enroll in the course which corresponds to your placement range in the first semester at Sacramento State. You must also enroll for the next course in the sequence in the following semester until college level English is complete. If English is your second language and you did not take the EPT at Sacramento State, you must take the English Diagnostic Test (EDT). For more information, contact the Learning Skills Center (916) 278-6725.
If you took the EPT at Sacramento State, you completed a survey to determine if you were multilingual. If your responses to the survey indicated that you were multilingual, your EPT essay was assessed to determine if you could benefit from writing courses designed for multilingual students. If so, you were given an EDT score of 3, 4, or 5 in addition to your EPT score. See the “Multilingual” chart below for information on placement in multilingual courses.
The ELM examination tests for entry level mathematics skills acquired through three years of rigorous college preparatory mathematics coursework (normally Algebra I, Algebra II, and Geometry). All undergraduate students must take the test or be exempted from it prior to placement in appropriate university mathematics coursework.
To register for the test go to the Testing Center, LSN Hall 2302, (916) 278-6296 or register online at http://www.csus.edu/testing by the deadline dates. Students who need special accommodations because of disabilities should get a clearance from the Office of Services to Students with Disabilities, LSN Hall 1008, (916) 278-6955 and submit it with the test registration materials at least a week before the deadline.
Any of the following exempts you from the ELM:
- a score of 550 or above on the mathematics section of the College Board SAT I Reasoning Test or on the College Board SAT II Mathematics Tests Level I, IC (Calculator), II, or IIC (Calculator);
- a score of 23 or above on the enhanced ACT Mathematics Test taken October 1989 or later;
- a score of 24 or above on the ACT Mathematics Test taken prior to October 1989;
- a score of 3 or above on the College Board Advanced Placement Mathematics Examination (AB or BC);
- a score of 550 or above on the Level I, IC, II, or IIC SAT II Mathematics Test;
- a score of 3 or above on the College Board Advanced Placement Statistics Examination;
- CSU Early Assessment Program (EAP) exemption;
- conditional exemption from CSU Early Assessment Program (EAP) and validation of at least a “C” grade in a senior math course above the level of Algebra II (e.g., Trigonometry, Pre-Calculus, Calculus, Statistics) or a laboratory science course that requires Algebra II as a prerequisite (e.g., Physics);
- completion and transfer of a course that satisfies the General Education-Breadth or Intersegmental General Education Transfer Curriculum (IGETC) quantitative reasoning requirement, provided such course was completed with a grade of “C” or better.
Mathematics: If you are not exempt from the ELM Exam, you must satisfy the ELM requirement by either passing the ELM Exam or passing the appropriate preparatory math courses. If you do not pass the ELM, you must enroll in your required ELM equivalency course during your first semester at Sacramento State and enroll in the subsequent semester if you are required to take a second course. Your ELM exam score and whether you plan to take MATH 1 or a math course other than MATH 1 for your GE Area B4 will determine the course or course sequence you should take to satisfy the ELM requirement.
After passing the ELM Exam or the appropriate ELM equivalency courses, you may enroll in MATH 1 for the General Education Quantitative Reasoning requirement or take a Mathematics Department Diagnostic Test as a prerequisite to enrollment in other mathematics courses. Contact the Department of Mathematics and Statistics (916-278-6534) for additional information.
* For students planning to take a GE Area B4 math course other than MATH 1 - Courses in this category are MATH 17, 24, 26A, 26B, 29, 30, 31, 35, STAT 1, 50. Successful completion of a Diagnostic Exam is a prerequisite for these GE math courses. Contact the Department of Mathematics and Statistics for GE math information, (916) 278-6534.
|TEST DATES:||REGISTRATION MUST BE NO LATER THAN:|
|April 10, 2010||March 26, 2010|
|May 1, 2010||April 16, 2010|
|June 19, 2010||June 4, 2010|
|August 21, 2010||August 6, 2010|
|November 13, 2010||October 29, 2010|
|January 15, 2011||December 31, 2010|
|February 26, 2011||February 11, 2011|
|March 19, 2011||March 4, 2011|
|April 9, 2011||March 25, 2011|
|May 7, 2011||April 22, 2011|
Registration: Pre-registration is required. Register in the Testing Center, LSN Hall 2302, (916) 278-6296 or online: http://www.csus.edu/testing.
Fees: No cash accepted. Payment must be made by check or money order.
You must complete a total of 51 units distributed among the Areas specified in this pattern. At least 9 units must be in upper division GE courses (100-199) taken after you complete 60 units of coursework. Enrollment in upper division GE courses is limited to students who have completed Areas A1, A2, A3, and have taken at least 45 units (not limited to GE classes). At least nine units of GE must be taken in residence (i.e., at Sacramento State). For a complete listing of GE courses go to http://catalog.csus.edu/current/first%20100%20Pages/gE.html.
** Students with catalog rights prior to Fall 1992: The list of approved courses for the 1983/84-1991/92 GE pattern is available in the Academic Advising and Career Center, LSN Hall 1013 or at the Evaluations Office.
STUDENTS WITH CATALOG RIGHTS BEGINNING FALL 1992 OR LATER ARE REQUIRED TO MEET THE ADDITIONAL COLLEGE COMPOSITION II
A second semester composition course is required of all studentswith catalog rights beginning Fall 1992 or later. Completion of Engl 20 (or an approved equivalent) with a grade of “C-” or better fulfills this graduation requirement. Completion of Engl 1A (or the equivlent) with a grade of “C-” or better is a prerequisite.
ENGL 20...................................... College Composition II
ENGL 20T.................................... College Comp II-Technical Communications
Several undergraduate programs offer enough evening, weekend, or distance education courses to enable a student to complete a degree by attending only evenings, weekends, or online. Although these programs do not follow a “cohort model” with a planned sequence of courses over a two to three year period, students can complete degrees with proper planning and advising. Examples of these programs are: Art Studio, Child Development, Communication Studies, Criminal Justice, English, Government, History, Philosophy, Social Work, and Vocational Education.