Revision, Editing and Proofreading Tips
by Lisa Geren, Writing Center tutor

 “The beauty of writing... and life... is working with what you have, through revision and practice, polishing as you go.” – Ernest Hemingway

Hemingway rewrote the last page of Farewell to Arms (1929) 39 times until satisfied. "My aim is to put down on paper what I see and what I feel in the best and simplest way."

The difference between student writers and professional writers:


"Professional writers ask: What does my essay need as a whole for form, balance, rhythm or communication? Details are added, deleted, substituted or reordered according to a sense of what the essay needs for emphasis and proportion.” -- Nancy Sommers

Many student writers believe that revision means editing for grammar.
Professional writers are not done with revising until their editor says, “Times up!”
Some student writers think their essay is done once they hit print for the first time.


Revising for Higher Order Concerns

Tips for Editing:

It’s an Issue of Style

        How to Find Common Grammar Errors