Support Page Content
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act
The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) requires Federal agencies or any institution receiving Federal funding to complete summaries (43 CFR 10.8) and inventories (43 CFR 10.9) for collections that include ancestral remains, funerary objects, sacred items, and objects of cultural patrimony, and to notify possible lineal descendants, culturally affiliated tribes, or Native Hawaiian Organizations. NAGPRA (25 USC 3002 Section 5) became Federal Law upon November 16th, 1990. Holdings which include Native American ancestral remains, funerary objects, sacred items, and objects of cultural patrimony are subject to repatriation to lineal descendants, culturally affiliated tribes or Native Hawaiian Organizations.
In addition to Federal NAGPRA, all state funded agencies/museums/institutions in California are required to follow the California Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (CalNAGPRA). This law was originally passed in 2001 (AB-978) and included provisions meant to cover gaps in Federal NAGPRA specific to California. It also established the Repatriation Oversight Commission to oversee compliance with the law, but the Commission was ultimately never funded and the law was never enforced. Recent CalNAGPRA amendments; however, have granted oversight authority of CalNAGPRA to the California Native American Heritage Commission (NAHC). AB-2836, passed in 2018, is specific to the University of California (UC) system and calls for the creation of systemwide and campus specific Oversight Committees and policies. While AB-275, passed in 2020, has specific provisions that apply only to the UC system, the majority of the law applies to all state funded museums/agencies/institutions. It requires all state funded entities to submit a Preliminary Inventory and Summary to the NAHC for all of their archaeological and ethnographic collections that originate from California, which will be published to the NAHC's website for review by tribes. The law also strengthens the ability of non-federally recognized California Native American tribes (as determined by the NAHC) to engage in the NAGPRA/CalNAGPRA process, places greater weight on tribal traditional knowledge in determining cultural affiliation and identifying cultural objects, and requires the NAHC to maintain a list of California Indian tribes and to adopt mediation procedures, among other measures.
California State University, Sacramento (Sacramento State) is committed to fulfilling the University’s responsibilities under NAGPRA and CalNAGPRA. The staff at the Archaeological Curation Facility (ACF) are actively inventorying collections, consulting with tribal representatives, and performing other tasks necessary under the laws to repatriate ancestral remains to descendant communities.
For more information regarding NAGPRA, please visit the National NAGPRA website. For more information on CalNAGPRA, please visit the NAHC's CalNAGPRA website. For questions regarding NAGPRA and CalNAGPRA at Sacramento State, please contact the NAGPRA Coordinator, Sarah Eckhardt via email at Sarah.firstname.lastname@example.org, telephone at (916) 278-6292 or mail at:
Department of Anthropology, MS 6106
6000 J Street
Sacramento, CA 95819-6106
CalNAGPRA Preliminary Summary and Inventory
Sacramento State has submitted Preliminary Inventories and Summaries of our archaeological and ethnographic collections from California to the California Native American Heritage Commission (NAHC), as required under CalNAGPRA (Section 8013 of the Health and Safety Code). These inventories and summaries are now available for review on the NAHC's website. Prior to submission, the University invited tribes across the state to review and offer comment on Sacramento State's draft Preliminary Inventory and Summary. Feedback received from tribes was reviewed by Sacramento State and taken under advisement before the Preliminary Inventories and Summaries were submitted to the NAHC.
Please contact our NAGPRA Coordinator, Sarah Eckhardt, at (916) 278-6292 or email@example.com if you have any questions about Sacramento State's Preliminary Inventories and Summaries, if you wish to schedule a consultation concerning any of our collections, or if you would like to request an Excel formated copy of the Preliminary Inventories and Summaries submitted to the NAHC by Sacramento State.
The table below provides a list of Notices of Inventory Completion and Notices of Intent to Repatriate that Sacramento State has published to the Federal Register. In most of these cases, the ancestral remains and funerary objects have already been repatriated to culturally affiliated Native American tribes.
|Site/Collection||Type of Notice||Date Published||Status||Citation/Link|
|CA-SAC-16||Notice of Intent to Repatriate||09/27/2021||Requested||Vol. 86, No. 184, Page 53344-53345|
|CA-SAC-16||Notice of Inventory Completion||09/27/2021||Requested||Vol. 86, No. 184, Page 53343-53344|
|CA-SAC-166||Notice of Inventory Completion||04/22/2021||Requested||Vol. 86, No. 76, Page 21346-21347|
|Zallio (Chumash Portion)||Notice of Intent to Repatriate||04/22/2021||No Claims or Requests||Vol. 86, No. 76, Page 21345-21346|
|Zallio (Chumash Portion)||Notice of Inventory Completion||04/22/2021||No Claims or Requests||Vol. 86, No. 76, Page 21344-21345|
|Zallio (CA-SAC-157)||Notice of Inventory Completion||08/03/2020||Requested||Vol. 85, No. 149, Page 46704-46705|
|CA-SJO-91||Correction||04/04/2018||Repatriated||Vol. 83, No. 65, Page 14496|
|Zallio (Nisenan Portion)||Correction||04/28/2015||Repatriated||Vol. 80, No. 81, Page 23577-23578|
|Zallio (Miwok Portion)||Notice of Inventory Completion||02/06/2015||Repatriated||Vol. 80, No. 25, Page 6751-6755|
|Zallio (Nisenan Portion)||Notice of Inventory Completion||02/04/2015||Repatriated||Vol. 80, No. 23, Page 6118-6119|
|Zallio (Nisenan Portion)||Notice of Intent to Repatriate||02/04/2015||Repatriated||Vol. 80, No. 23, Page 6130-6131|
|Zallio (CUI Portion)||Notice of Inventory Completion||02/04/2015||Repatriated||Vol. 80, No. 23, Page 6121-6124|
|Zallio (Miwok Portion)||Notice of Intent to Repatriate||02/04/2015||Repatriated||Vol. 80, No. 23, Page 6132-6135|
|Zallio (Patwin Portion)||Notice of Inventory Completion||02/04/2015||No Claims or Requests||Vol. 80, No. 23, Page 6102-6104|
|CA-SJO-17||Notice of Intent to Repatriate||09/10/2014||Repatriated||Vol. 79, No. 175, Page 53779-53780|
|CA-SJO-17||Notice of Inventory Completion||09/10/2014||Repatriated||Vol. 79, No. 175, Page 53760-53761|
|CA-SAC-16||Notice of Inventory Completion||03/15/2011||Repatriated||Vol. 76, No. 50, Page 14052-14054|
|CA-SAC-16||Notice of Intent to Repatriate||03/15/2011||Repatriated||Vol. 76, No. 50, Page 14049-14050|
|CA-SJO-91||Notice of Inventory Completion||03/15/2011||Repatriated||Vol. 76, No. 50, Page 14055-14056|
|CA-SJO-91||Notice of Intent to Repatriate||03/15/2011||Repatriated||Vol. 76, No. 50, Page 14047-14048|
|CA-SHA-385, CA-SHA-395, CA-SHA-396, CA-SHA-409||Notice of Inventory Completion||09/13/2005||Repatriated||Vol. 70, No. 176, Page 54074-54075|
Sacramento State NAGPRA Policies & Procedures
Sacramento State is currently drafting updated NAGPRA and CalNAGPRA policies and procedures that will be posted here once they have been finalized and approved. The graphic below provides a basic overview of our current NAGPRA procedures.
The table below provides links to the forms Sacramento State uses for NAGPRA. Each form should be completed and sent to the NAGPRA Coordinator, Sarah Eckhardt, either via email or mail to:
Department of Anthropology, MS 6106
6000 J Street
Sacramento, CA 95819-6106
|Form Name and Link||Description|
|Consultation/Visit/Viewing Request Form||Used by interested lineal descendants and tribes to arrange a consultation/visit/viewing of a NAGPRA collection(s) held at Sacramento State.|
|Records Request||Used to request access to the ACF's archives. These are processed on a case by case basis. Please submit this form along with a copy of your research proposal, contract or other documentation explaining your need for access to the ACF archives.|
|Sample Claim Letter||This is a sample claim letter that lineal descendants and tribes can use for submitting claims of cultural affiliation to collections of human remains and associated funerary objects (if any) or cultural objects.|
|Request Form||Used for submitting a request. Requests are the result of substantiated claims and seek the repatriation or disposition of collections of human remains and associated funerary objects (if any) or cultural objects.|
|Supplemental Signature Form||Used to record the signatures, names, tribes, and dates of authorized NAGPRA Designees for tribes submitting a claim or request together. Tribes filing jointly should still submit a claim letter or Request Form to identify the specific collection(s) and/or object(s) they are claiming or requesting. However, the “Supplemental Signature Form” must accompany the claim letter or Request Form so that the University has written verification that each participating tribe has authorized the joint claim or request.|
Links and Resources
Sacramento State Resources
- National NAGPRA Website
- The NAGPRA Act
- California Native American Heritage Commission
- U.S. Department of the Interior- Bureau of Land Management
- U.S. Department of the Interior—Bureau of Reclamation
- Association of American Indian Affairs
- National Congress of American Indians
- National Association of Tribal Historic Preservation Officers
- NAGPRA Comics