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Office of Equal Opportunity Division of Inclusive Excellence

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Pregnant and Parenting Student Rights: FAQs for Sacramento State Students


Title IX prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex — including pregnancy, parenting and all related conditions — in education and in programs and activities that receive federal funding. If you are a pregnant or parenting student, you have the right to stay in school so you can meet your education and career goals. Below are some frequently asked questions from students in postsecondary schools regarding their Title IX rights:

How Does Title IX Apply to Pregnant or Parenting Students?

Do my professors have to excuse my absences due to pregnancy, childbirth, or abortion?

What if my professor says their absence/makeup policy applies regardless of any medical condition?

Does Sacramento State need to provide me with special academic services, like tutoring?

What about internships, career rotations, and other off-campus elements of my program – do I have a right to participate in those opportunities?

Classmates and/or professors have made offensive comments to me about my pregnancy. Should I complain to Sacramento State about the offensive comments?

I have a scholarship – can Sacramento State take it back when they find out I am pregnant?

I want to take a semester off. Can I keep my student status, scholarship, etc.?

What if I work for Sacramento State, in addition to being a student? Do I have the same rights? Do I qualify for maternity leave?

I finished my pregnancy and/or have already graduated – is there anything I can do about the discrimination I experienced as a pregnant student?

How Does Title IX Apply to Pregnant or Parenting Students?


Title IX prohibits discrimination based on sex – including pregnancy, parenting, and all related conditions, such as abortion – in educational programs and activities that get federal funding. This means that Sacramento State must give all students who might be, are, or have been pregnant the same access to school programs and educational opportunities that other students have. Your professors or school administrators should not tell you that you have to drop out of your classes or academic program or change your educational plans due to your pregnancy.

The university can require a pregnant student to provide a doctor’s certification of fitness to continue in an education program or activity only if the same requirement is imposed on all other students with physical or emotional conditions requiring a doctor’s care. Pregnant students must be provided the same accommodations and support services available to other students with similar medical needs.

If you need a pregnancy related accommodation, please contact Art Delao, ADA Analyst, at (916) 278-4958 or art.delao@csus.edu.

[NOTE: PLEASE SUBMIT MEDICAL OR OTHER MEDICAL INFORMATION DIRECTLY TO SERVICES FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES (SSWD) OR THE UNIVERSITY’S BENEFITS OFFICE LOCATED IN HUMAN RESOURCES. DO NOT SUBMIT MEDICAL INFORMATION TO YOUR PROFESSOR(S)]

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Do my professors have to excuse my absences due to pregnancy, childbirth, or abortion?

Sacramento State must excuse your absences due to pregnancy, childbirth, or any related conditions for as long as your doctor says it is necessary for you to be absent. This is true even if there is no leave policy for students with other conditions. Your professors must provide you a leave of absence for as long as it is deemed necessary by your medical doctor. When you return to school, you must be reinstated to the status you held before your leave. (back to top)

What if my professor says their absence/makeup policy applies regardless of any medical condition?

While your professor may have a strict attendance policy, Sacramento State is bound by federal civil rights law. Title IX requires the university ensure that all faculty and staff comply with the law and do not discriminate against pregnant and parenting students. Thus, you cannot be penalized for pregnancy or related medical conditions. An individual professor’s policy is not OK if it breaks the law.

After returning from an excused absence, your professors must allow a reasonable amount of time to make up missed assignments and tests. The makeup assignments and tests must be reasonably equivalent to those missed, but need not be identical. If a professor provides specific “points” or other advantages to students based on class attendance, you must be given the opportunity to earn back the credit from classes missed due to pregnancy.

For example, if you have a doctor’s note that excuses you from class for several weeks because you were on “bed rest” before giving birth, Sacramento State has to provide you with the appropriate assignments and information to make up all of the work you would have been required to complete while you were out. For an extended absence, best practice suggests the University provide you with the work you miss regularly, so you do not fall far behind. (back to top)

Does Sacramento State need to provide me with special academic services, like tutoring?

Title IX requires that Sacramento State provide pregnant students with any special services we provide to students with any other type of temporary disabilities. If students with temporary disabilities get at-home tutoring to help them keep up with work they miss when absent, the school must provide students who miss class because of pregnancy or childbirth with the same benefit. Please contact SSWD at (916) 278-6955 or sswd@csus.edu for more information. (back to top)

What about internships, career rotations, and other off-campus elements of my program – do I have a right to participate in those opportunities?

Yes. Sacramento State must allow you to continue participating in off-campus programs. For example, if your program provides opportunities to “work in the field,” you cannot be excluded based on your pregnancy. Your professor cannot require a doctor’s note for continued participation unless your professor requires one for all students who have a medical condition that requires treatment by a doctor. If they do ask for a note, they cannot second-guess your doctor’s decision. [PLEASE SUBMIT MEDICAL NOTES DIRECTLY TO SSWD OR THE OEO – NOT TO YOUR PROFESSOR] (back to top)

Classmates and/or professors have made offensive comments to me about my pregnancy. Should I complain to Sacramento State about the offensive comments?

Pursuant to CSU Executive Order 1095, Title IX requires the university to provide training to students, administrators, faculty and other staff so that they know that Title IX prohibits discrimination against pregnant and parenting students, and assist the campus in helping to meet the unique educational, childcare, and health care needs of pregnant and parenting Students.

CSU Executive Order 1097 requires the university to prevent and address sex-based harassment, including harassment based on pregnancy. If you experience this sort of treatment, you should seek help immediately. The law prohibits anyone from retaliating against you for filing a complaint or raising a concern.

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I have a scholarship – can Sacramento State take it back when they find out I am pregnant?

No, Sacramento State cannot terminate or reduce athletic, merit, or need-based scholarships based on pregnancy. If you stay in school, you can keep your scholarship. (back to top)

I want to take a semester off. Can I keep my student status, scholarship, etc.?

Not necessarily—it depends on the leave policy at your school. If you want to take off more time than your doctor says is medically necessary, you will need to consult your school’s non-medical leave policy. (back to top)

What if I work for Sacramento State, in addition to being a student? Do I have the same rights? Do I qualify for maternity leave?

Your rights as an employee are different from your rights as a student. If you work for Sacramento State, you may be eligible for family or medical leave, or may qualify for maternity leave under the school’s policy, but that may not include leave from your classes, beyond what is medically necessary. (back to top)

I finished my pregnancy and/or have already graduated – is there anything I can do about the discrimination I experienced as a pregnant student?

You may still have options. If you believe you experienced pregnancy related discrimination, contact the Office for Equal Opportunity at (916) 278-5770 or equalopportunity@csus.edu or the Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights to learn more. Even if it is too late for you, you can help Sacramento State ensure that women who find themselves in your shoes do not run into the same barriers. (back to top)