ANTH 1- Introduction to Physical Anthropology
Fall 2002

California State University, Sacramento

  Section 1 MWF 8-8:50 AM                         MND 3011
  Section 2 MWF 10-10:50 AM                     MND 3011 

WELCOME TO ANTHRO 1! This syllabus contains important information about the course (e.g. course requirements, exam dates, etc.) so refer to it regularly throughout the semester. _______________________________________________________________________ Instructor: Dr. Gerrell Miles Drawhorn 

Office: MND 4019 

Phone: 278-4555 [or message 278-6452 or] 

Office Hours: M 11-12/ Tu 1-2 ;drop-in or by appointment 
Course Objectives Assignments Grades
Reading Materials Resources Schedule

Course Catalog Description

The place of humans in nature; the geologic environments; the nature of life; human evolution, reproduction and genetics; humans as primates; the human fossil record; the classification and distribution of races. 

Credit: 3 Units (CAN ANTH 2) - Partially fulfills Area B2 (Biological Science) General Education Requirement. This is a science class with an emphasis is on human biology. If you are a non-science major expect to have to work harder in this class than the courses in your major. 

Course Overview 

This course is an introduction to Physical Anthropology (or as many are calling it today, Human Biology or Human Evolutionary Biology. As the concept of evolutionary change is central to biology, this course will focus upon the evidence regarding human evolution and the place of humans in nature. Topics discussed will include the nature of life; human reproduction and genetics; humans as primates; human evolution and the fossil record; the environmental context as inferred from the geological record; and the origin and meaning of human geographic variation 

Course Objectives

The course will present a synthesis of information from current research of the human fossil record; behavioral, genetic, and anatomical studies of the Primates (humans and our closest relatives- apes, monkeys and prosimians) to assist us in reconstructing the evolutionary history of humankind. 

By the end of the semester students will understand the Scientific Method and the history of the history of scientific thought regarding human origins; elementary principles and mechanisms of heredity and genetic change; basic cytogenetics, molecular genetics and population genetics; the processes of speciation; the comparative anatomy and relationships of humans and non-human Primates; the social organization and behavior of living Primates; the Primate and human fossil record; geological dating methods and environmental reconstruction; and evolution in modern populations with an emphasis on human geographic variability, adaptation and plasticity. and ethical issues in Physical Anthropology. 

Attendance: Unless you have ESP, attendance in the lectures is highly recommended. Material on the exams, and questions on the reading assignments are based on attendance at lectures. What is emphasized in lecture is frequently emphasized on exams. Additionally keeping a notebook allows the student to learn even more successfully. New information, most assignments, changes in the requirements (deadlines, exam dates) and answers to student questions may not be presented in any other format than in lecture. This information is frequently given at the beginning of class so tardy students may miss critical information. 

Prerequisites and Decorum

There are no prerequisites for this class beyond an open mind and willingness to explore competing scientific theories. Some students may find the content of this course challenging to their strongly held belief systems. Because the class deals explicitly with the evolution of humans some students may feel more comfortable fulfilling their Bio Sci GE requirement in a course less directly related to this approach to the origins of Homo sapiens. While, because of the need to complete the prescribed curriculum,  the instructor cannot spend considerable amounts of time discussing the creationist-evolution social controversy, he is willing to meet with students outside of class time to respond to and provide resources to students interested in this issue. Students will not be compelled to believe information at odds with their religious faith, however they will be expected to master the scientific concepts and evidence presented
in the texts and lectures.

Students should be courteous to other students and the instructor. Cell phones should be muted, meals eaten elsewhere, and distracting conversations taken outside. Students who are late or who must depart early should not disturb the class. 


The following assignments are due on the dates indicated. 
Assignment Points Date Due


9 @ 5%


  • Monday 10/7 (Articles on Human Genetics)
  • Friday 11/8 (Articles on Primate Behavior)
  • Friday12/13 (Articles on Human Evolution ) 
MIDTERMS 10 % each
= 20 %
  • Human Genetics (Monday 10/7)
  • Primate Taxonomy/ Behavior (Friday 11/8)
FINAL 20 %
  • Fossil Record @ 80% of content;
  • 20% comprehensive
    • Section 1 (MWF 8) Wed 12/18 -8 AM
    • Section 2 (MWF 10) Mon 12/16 - 10 AM
Tutorial Quizzes 15 @1%
Wadsworth Tutorial Quizzes available online at
  • Open  text
  • >90% Score to get credit
  • Submit top score to Dr. Drawhorn by email
  • Due Date (see Course Schedule)


There will be three exams. Exams will consist of objective questions (multiple-choice, fill-in, true/false, short answer). Material from both lectures, videos and textbook reading assignments up to the day of the quiz will be presented. Examples of previous exams will be on reserve in the library. The two midterms will deal with a) Human Genetics (Mon 10/7) and b) Primate Taxonomy/Behavior (Fri 11/8) , respectively. Each midterm is worth 10% of the final grade. The final exam on Human Evolution will be comprehensive, but will have a very strong emphasis on the material covered in the last 7 weeks of the course. The final is worth 20% of the final grade                                                         Exams = 40% 

Important! Make-Up Exams will only be allowed if the student can provide documented evidence of an emergency (e.g. illness, accident. or work-realted problem).Appropriate documentation should be on official letterhead and state the time of apopointment or emergency. Handwritten notes from friends, relatives or room-mates are not acceptable. The exam must be taken within three days of the scheduled exam or return to class from illness. Appointments for Make-up exams must be made immediately after the absence with Dr. Drawhorn. If an appropriate time/place for a supervised exam is not available, students may be required to take the examination at the Testing Center (202 Lassen Hall) and pay an administration fee. Make-up exams will contain different questions than the exam given in class. 

Article Assignments

Although all assigned readings in Physical Anthropology: Annual Editions 2002/3 must be read, nine articles must be read in depth to answer a set of assigned written and multiple choice questions. Three question sets on articles dealing with Evolutionary Theory and Genetics will be due on the day of Midterm 1. Three question sets on articles covering Primate Behavior will be due on the day of Midterm 2. Three assignment sets covering the articles on the Human Fossil Record will be due at the last class lecture (NOT the Final Exam). Assignments are due in class. Late assignments are penalized 10%/day (beginning immediately after the class period). Each question set is worth 5% of the final grade. =  45% 

The first three article assignments (from Units 1 and 6 in the Annual Editions 2002/3) due at the first quiz are:

  • Article #1 ("The Growth of Evolutionary Science" Futuyma)
  • Article #2 ("The Curse and Blessing of the Ghetto" Diamond)

  • Article #39 ("The Tall and the Short of It" Bogin)

    The second three article assignments (from Units 3-4) due at the second quiz are:

  • Article#5 ("Machiavellian Monkeys"- Shreeve)
  • Article #6 ("What Are Friends For?" - Smuts)
  • Article #10 ("Dim Forest, Bright Chimps" - Boesch
The final set of answers for Articles from Units 4-5 will be due of the last day of lecture (Important! Not at the Final Exam!)
  • Article #23 ("Early Hominid Fossils" Leakey and Walker)
  • Article #26 ("Scavenger Hunt" - Shipman)
  • Article #34 ("Who Were The Neanderthals?" Wong)

Wadsworth Tutorial Practice Quizzes
After each assigned chapter reading assignment in Jurmain et al is completed students should complete and submit to the instructor the Wadsworth Tutorial Quiz for that assignment. These are located on-line at the Wadsworth Web site You may take the quiz as many times as you want, with an open book and taking notes, until you score 90% or better. There is a handy link to send your best score to Dr. Drawhorn. The Tutorial Quiz Scores will generally be due every Friday at 5 PM (see schedule for some exceptions).
                                                16 Tutorial Quizzes x 1% = 15%  (+1% Extra Credit)

Extra Credit- All extra credit is due the last day of lecture (Friday December 13th). A maximum of 10% extra credit may be applied to the final grade.

Internet Assignment
Visit the two web sites associated with the publishers of your textbooks. See pp. 17  for the Wadsworth Anthropology Resource Center (which provides many useful study and research aids like Flash Cards, Practice Quizzes, and links to interactive learning materials), and the Dushkin Online Site  In addition, visit three (3) of the WWW web sites listed on pp. 4-5 of the Annual Editions. For each site:

  • Document the site address, the name of the site, and who owns/sponsors it.
  • Describe in one paragraph what the site covers topically and in terms of format (color photos, links, animations, etc.). Evaluate the age/educational level the site is directed towards. When was it last updated (you may need to open the page for this information)? This paragraph should be typed, in 12 point font, with 1" margins.
  • Provide a printout of the first page of each site described.     =5%
 Video Reviews: Extra Credit may also be obtained by reviewing selected videos on reserve in the Multimedia Room in the Library. Students will be able to get up to 2% Extra Credit for viewing one (or more) of the following videos and answering a series of questions obtainable from Dr. Drawhorn. Format of the extra credit should be typed, 12 pt. font, with 1" margins. The four videos are: 1) "The Blind Watchmaker" (on reserve for Anthro 1), 2)"Survey of the Primates" (002227), 3)"The Social Primates" (003103), and 4) "In Search of Humankind: Surviving in Africa"(003365:2) 

Late Work: Except where otherwise specified assignments are due in-class ! Not one hour after class ! Please remember to schedule time to complete your paper assignments before the due date. Assume that the school computers will be down the day you need to complete the assignment! Late assignments will be subject to a 10% penalty (out of the possible points) for being late on the day of class. For each subsequent day late an additional 10% penalty shall be applied. Late assignments should be turned into the Anthropology Office (Rm 4010) by 5 P.M. or placed in the "Drop-Box" after hours.] 


A Outstanding 90+ points
B Excellent  80-89 points
C Average 70-79 points
D Passed,  60-70 points
F Failure  < 60 points

Reading Materials


1) Introduction to Physical Anthropology by R. Jurmain, H. Nelson, L. Kilgore and W. Treviathan. (2002: 9th edition) 

2) Physical Anthropology Annual Editions 2002-2003 

Reading assignments from required texts are noted on the Course Schedule. Assignments should be read prior to the lecture on the day the assignment is listed. Readings in Jurmain are noted on the syllabus by " J" followed by the chapter or page numbers (e.g. “J Chapter 1" or "J pp.1-23). Readings in the Annual Editions Reader are noted by Chapter # (e.g. “AE 1-3, 5). 

Students will be expected to be reasonably familiar with the subject matter, personalities and discoveries mentioned in the text during class. Good preparation reduces the amount of basic information (e.g. “How do you spell ‘Darwin’?” ) needed to be covered in class, and allows the class to move on to more interesting topics. Follow up the lecture with review of your notes and readings to clear up any questions. 

Recommended: Virtual Laboratories for Physical Anthropology by John Kappelman. This has This is particularly useful for those who are particularly visually-oriented as learners, those taking the Anthropology Lab or those planning on becoming Anthropology majors. It will be packaged with new copies of Jurmain at a nominal cost.

You can purchase books through the Hornet Bookstore

Course Schedule

Week 1 Introduction; Overview of Course; What is Physical Anthropology? The Scientific Method. Evolutionary Theories. The Darwinian Revolution and Natural Selection; (J Ch. 1-2; AE Chapter 1, 2, 43) 

Week 2 Mendel and the Principles of Inheritance " (J  pp.71-87)
Ch.1-2 Tutorial Scores Due Fri 9/13 

Week 3 The Sources, Organization and Inheritance of Genetic Variation (J Ch.3; AE Chapter 41-42)    Ch.3 Tutorial Scores Due Fri 9/20

Week 4 Human Genetic Variation (J 87-100; AE 3,4)  Ch.4 Tutorial Scores Due Fri 9/27

Week 5 The Bio-Cultural Adaptation of H. sapiens (J Chap.15; AE 37-39) 
Ch.15 Tutorial Scores Due Fri 10/4

Monday 10/7  Quiz #1; Article Assignment Due

Week 6 
Classification; Primate Origins: Prosimians ("Pre-Monkeys")
(J 101-119;197-206)

Week 7 Primate Origins: Anthropoids (J 119-137; 207-213; AE 5,6,14, 17,18) 
 Video "Life In The Trees"   Ch. 5/8 Tutorial Scores Due Fri 10/18

Week 8 Primate Behavior: Territory and Ecology (J Chap 6; AE 10, 12) 
Video "Monkey Island"  Ch.6 Tutorial Scores Due Fri 10/25

Week 9 Primate Behavior: Sex and Status (AE 15,16.21,22) 

Week 10 The Apes and Models for Ancestral Human Behavior; Video "The New Chimpanzee" (J Chap. 7/16; AE 9,11) Ch.7/16 Tutorial Scores Due Fri 11/8

Friday 11/8  Quiz #2; Article Assignments Due

Week 11 Paleoanthropology: Reconstructing the Life of the  Earliest Hominids - A.afarensis (J Chap 9; AE 23, 24) Ch. 9 Tutorial Scores Due Fri 11/15

Week 12 Piltdown Man vs. South African Ape-Men (J Chap. 10)
Ch. 10 Tutorial Scores Due Fri 11/22

Week 13 Early Homo: H. habilis and H.erectus (J Chap. 11; AE 25-29)
Ch.11 Tutorial Scores Due Monday 12/2

Week 14 The Archaics: Neanderthals and their contemporaries (J Chap.12; AE 34-35) Ch.12 Tutorial Scores Due Fri 12/6

Week 15 "Out-Of-Africa #2"-The Emergence of Modern Homo sapiens (J Chap. 13; AE 30-33) Ch.13 Tutorial Scores Due Fri 12/13

Friday December 13th Article Assignments Due/Extra Credit Due

Final Exam: Section 1 (MWF 8) Wednesday 12/18 : 8-10 AM

Final Exam: Section 2 (MWF 10) Monday 12/16 : 10-12 AM


A human skeleton is available for in-library use in the multi-media room of the CSUS library. A large number of videos that cover topics related to this class are also available in the multi-media center. A copy of the Virtual Labs is also available for review there. The Physical Anthropology website ( has a number of resources that students in this course will find invaluable (e.g. images of the fossil hominid material used in this very class!!). Check out the useful links and those noted in your textbook
Page updated:August 18, 2002