CSUS Environmental Studies department’s research project objectives are focused around the Aquaponic Urban Agriculture method. These objectives are to establish detailed measurement and operational parameters for optimal aquaponics system performance. Develop automated monitoring and control systems. Choose optimal aquatic species and combinations of species in the context of legal and operational constraints. Evaluate pros and cons of all system configurations. Address pest and disease problems and control strategies. Identify and address implementation and scale-up issues. Develop reproduction, feeding, nutrient, environmental, and other. Develop curriculum materials. Develop renewable energy systems for air temperature, water temperature, water circulation, automatic monitoring, and data collection systems. Examine how aquaponic principles of aquatic production, nutrient management, water recirculation, nitrogen capture, plant harvesting can be used to solve other water quality problems in urban, agricultural, and industrial settings. Other objectives are likely to be develop throughout the project also.


Aquaponics is growing plants and raising fish together. By utilizing fish waste(ammonia) in a closed system to feed plants. The plants take up nitrate converted from the fish ammonia by bacterias. Waste from one being food for another is multi-trophic, and is where aquaponics gets a leg up in sustainability when compared to conventional growing. The other major sustainable factor of aquaponics is it being a closed system. Closed system means no water lost to the ground, and less evaporation. Power needed for pumping groundwater can be costly for a conventional farmer. While aquaponics grows organic plants and fish using 2-10 percent of water used by a farmer growing plants in open ground. Aquaponics also has potential to save money by using less space, flexible locations, and grows plants faster. Economically, socially and ecologically aquaponics just makes sense. 

More coming soon.